VOA Special English Word Book dictionary

License: Public Domain

a
an
«det»
en one; any; each

GSL,NGSL

able
«v»
en having the power to do something

GSL,NGSL

about
«adv»
en almost
en about half
«adj»
en of or having a relation to
en We talk about the weather.

GSL,NGSL

above
«adj»
en at a higher place

GSL,NGSL

abuse
«n»
en bad treatment causing harm or injury

NGSL

accept
«v»
en to agree to receive

GSL,NGSL

accident
«n»
en something that happens by chance or mistake
«n»
en an unplanned event

GSL,NGSL

accuse
«v»
en to say a person is responsible for an act or crime
«v»
en to make a statement against someone

GSL,NGSL

across
«adj»
en from side to side; to the other side

GSL,NGSL

act
«v»
en to do something

GSL,NGSL

activist
«n»
en one who seeks change through action

BSL

actor
«n»
en someone acting in a play or show

GSL,NGSL

add
«v»
en to put (something) with another to make it larger
«v»
en to say more

GSL,NGSL

administration
«n»
en the executive part of a government, usually headed by a president or prime minister

NGSL

admit
«v»
en to accept
en admitted to the United Nations
«v»
en to express one's guilt or responsibility
en He admitted that what he did was wrong.

GSL,NGSL

adult
«n»
en a grown person

AWL,NGSL

advise
«v»
en to help with information, knowledge or ideas in making a decision

GSL,NGSL

affect
«v»
en to produce an effect on; to influence
en A lack of sleep affected the singer's performance.

AWL,NGSL

afraid
«adj»
en feeling fear

GSL,NGSL

after
«prep»
en later
«prep»
en behind

GSL,NGSL

again
«adv»
en another time; as before

GSL,NGSL

against
«prep»
en opposed to; not agreeing with something

GSL,NGSL

age
«n»
en how old a person or thing is

GSL,NGSL

agency
«n»
en an organization that is part of a larger group
en an agency of the United Nations

GSL,NGSL

aggression
«n»
en an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's borders
ago
«adv»
en of time past; before now

GSL,NGSL

agree
«v»
en to have the same belief as someone
«v»
en to be willing to do something

GSL,NGSL

agriculture
«n»
en farming

GSL,NAWL,BSL

aid
«v»
en to help; to support
«n»
en help, assistance

AWL,NGSL

aim
«v»
en to point a gun at
«n»
en a goal or purpose

GSL,NGSL

air
«n»
en the mixture of gases around the earth, mostly nitrogen and oxygen, that we breathe

GSL,NGSL

air force
«n»
en a military organization using airplanes
airplane
«n»
en a vehicle with wings that flies

GSL,NAWL,TSL

airport
«n»
en a place where airplanes take off and land

BSL,TSL

album
«n»
en a collection of recorded music

NGSL

alcohol
«n»
en a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in industrial products

NGSL

alive
«adj»
en having life; not dead

GSL,NGSL

all
«adv»
en everything; everyone; the complete amount

GSL,NGSL

ally
«n»
en a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose

NGSL

almost
«adv»
en a little less than completely

GSL,NGSL

alone
«adj»
en separated from others

GSL,NGSL

along
«adv»
en near or on
en along the road

GSL,NGSL

already
«adv»
en before now; even now

GSL,NGSL

also
«adv»
en added to; too

GSL,NGSL

although
«conj»
en even if it is true that

GSL,NGSL

always
«adv»
en at all times; every time

GSL,NGSL

ambassador
«n»
en a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another government)

BSL,TSL

amend
«v»
en to add to or to change (a proposal or law)

AWL,BSL

ammunition
«n»
en the bullets or shells fired from guns
among
«prep»
en in or part of (a group)

GSL,NGSL

amount
«n»
en the number, size or weight of anything

GSL,NGSL

anarchy
«n»
en a lack of order; lawlessness
ancestor
«n»
en a family member from the past

NAWL

ancient
«adj»
en very old; long ago

GSL,NGSL

and
«conj»
en also; in addition to; with

GSL,NGSL

anger
«n»
en a strong emotion against someone or something

GSL,NGSL

animal
«n»
en a living creature that moves, such as a dog or cat

GSL,NGSL

anniversary
«n»
en a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the past

BSL,TSL

announce
«v»
en to make known publicly; to declare officially

NGSL

another
«adj»
en one more
«pron»
en a different one

GSL,NGSL

answer
«v»
en to make a statement after being asked a question
«n»
en a statement produced by a question

GSL,NGSL

any
«pron»
en one or more of no special kind

GSL,NGSL

apologize
«v»
en to express regret for a mistake or accident for which one accepts responsibility

NGSL

appeal
«v»
en to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on somebody for help

NGSL

appear
«v»
en to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem

GSL,NGSL

appoint
«v»
en to name; to choose
en appoint a judge

GSL,NGSL

approve
«v»
en to agree with; to agree to support

GSL,NGSL

archeology
«n»
en the scientific study of past human life and activities
area
«n»
en any place or part of it

AWL,NGSL

argue
«v»
en to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disagree

GSL,NGSL

arms
«n»
en military equipment; weapons
army
«n»
en military ground forces

GSL,NGSL

around
«adv»
en on every side (of)

GSL,NGSL

arrest
«v»
en to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner

GSL,NGSL

arrive
«v»
en to come to a place, especially at the end of a trip

GSL,NGSL

art
«n»
en expressions or creations by humans, such as paintings, music, writing or statues

GSL,NGSL

artillery
«n»
en big guns
as
«conj»
en equally
en as fast as
«conj»
en when; while

GSL,NGSL

ash
«n»
en the part left after something burns

GSL

ask
«v»
en to question; to say something is wanted
en We ask the teacher questions every day.

GSL,NGSL

assist
«v»
en to help

AWL,NGSL

astronaut
«n»
en a person who travels in space
astronomy
«n»
en the scientific study of stars and the universe
asylum
«n»
en political protection given by a government to a person from another country

BSL

at
«prep»
en in or near ("at the edge"); where ("look at"); when ("at noon")

GSL,NGSL

atmosphere
«n»
en the gases surrounding any star or planet

NGSL

attach
«v»
en to tie together; to connect

AWL,NGSL

attack
«v»
en to start a fight
«n»
en a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill

GSL,NGSL

attempt
«v»
en to work toward something; to try; to make an effort

GSL,NGSL

attend
«v»
en to be present at

GSL,NGSL

attention
«n»
en close or careful observing of, or listening to, someone or something
en The student paid attention to his teacher.

GSL,NGSL

automobile
«n»
en a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car

BSL,TSL

autumn
«n»
en the time of the year between summer and winter

GSL,NGSL

available
«adj»
en present and ready for use; willing to serve or help
en There was a list of available candidates.

AWL,NGSL

average
«n»
en something (a number) representing the middle
«adj»
en common; normal

GSL,NGSL

avoid
«v»
en to stay away from

GSL,NGSL

awake
«adj»
en not sleeping

GSL

award
«n»
en an honor or prize for an act or service

NGSL

away
«adv»
en not near

GSL,NGSL

baby
«n»
en a newly born creature

GSL,NGSL

back
«n»
en the part behind the front
«adv»
en the other way from forward

GSL,NGSL

bad
«adj»
en wrong; acting against the law; not good

GSL,NGSL

balance
«v»
en to make two sides or forces equal

GSL,NGSL

ball
«n»
en something round

GSL,NGSL

balloon
«n»
en a device of strong, light material that rises when filled with gas lighter than air

TSL

ballot
«n»
en a piece of paper used for voting

BSL

ban
«v»
en to not permit; to stop
«n»
en an official restriction

NGSL

bank
«n»
en an organization that keeps and lends money

GSL,NGSL

bar
«v»
en to prevent or block

GSL,NGSL

barrier
«n»
en anything that blocks or makes an action difficult

NGSL

base
«v»
en to establish as a fact
en Her research was based on experiments.
«n»
en a military center

GSL,NGSL

battle
«n»
en a fight between opposing armed forces

GSL,NGSL

be
«v»
en to live; to happen; to exist

GSL,NGSL

beat
«v»
en to hit again and again

GSL,NGSL

beauty
«n»
en that which pleases the eye, ear or spirit

GSL,NGSL

because
«prep»
en for the reason that
en He left because he was sick.

GSL,NGSL

become
«v»
en to come to be

GSL,NGSL

bed
«n»
en a sleeping place

GSL,NGSL

before
«prep»
en earlier

GSL,NGSL

begin
«v»
en to do the first part of an action; to start

GSL,NGSL

behavior
«n»
en the way in which a person or animal acts
en The child’s behavior was bad because he fought with other children.

GSL,NGSL

behind
«adv»
en at the back of; in back of

GSL,NGSL

believe
«v»
en to think; to feel sure of; to accept as true; to trust

GSL,NGSL

belong
«v»
en to be owned by; to be a member of

GSL,NGSL

below
«adv»
en lower than

GSL,NGSL

best
«adj»
en the most good

GSL

betray
«v»
en to turn against; to be false to
better
«adj»
en more good than

GSL

between
«prep»
en in the space or time that separates; from one to the other
en talks between two nations

GSL,NGSL

big
«adj»
en of great size; not small

GSL,NGSL

bill
«n»
en a legislative proposal

GSL,NGSL

biology
«n»
en the scientific study of life or living things in all their forms

NAWL,TSL

bird
«n»
en a creature that flies

GSL,NGSL

bite
«v»
en to cut with the teeth

GSL,NGSL

black
«adj»
en dark; having the color like that of the night sky

GSL,NGSL

blame
«v»
en to accuse; to hold responsible

GSL,NGSL

bleed
«v»
en to lose blood

GSL,NAWL

blind
«adj»
en not able to see

GSL,NGSL

block
«v»
en to stop something from being done; to prevent movement

GSL,NGSL

blood
«n»
en red fluid in the body

GSL,NGSL

blow
«v»
en to move with force, as in air
en The wind blows.

GSL,NGSL

blue
«adj»
en having the color like that of a clear sky

GSL,NGSL

boat
«n»
en something built to travel on water that carries people or goods

GSL,NGSL

body
«n»
en all of a person or animal; the remains of a person or animal

GSL,NGSL

boil
«v»
en to heat a liquid until it becomes very hot

GSL

bomb
«v»
en to attack or destroy with bombs
«n»
en a device that explodes with great force

NGSL

bone
«n»
en the hard material in the body

GSL,NGSL

book
«n»
en a long written work for reading

GSL,NGSL

border
«n»
en a dividing line between nations

GSL,NGSL

born
«v»
en to come to life; to come into existence

BSL,TSL

borrow
«v»
en to take as a loan

GSL,NGSL

both
«pron»
en not just one of two, but the two together

GSL,NGSL

bottle
«n»
en a container, usually made of glass, to hold liquid

GSL,NGSL

bottom
«adj»
en the lowest part of something

GSL,NGSL

box
«n»
en something to put things into; a container, usually made of paper or wood

GSL,NGSL

boy
«n»
en a young male person

GSL,NGSL

boycott
«v»
en to refuse to take part in or deal with

BSL

brain
«n»
en the control center of thought, emotions and body activity of all creatures

GSL,NGSL

brave
«adj»
en having no fear

GSL,BSL

bread
«n»
en a food made from grain

GSL,NGSL

break
«v»
en to divide into parts by force; to destroy

GSL,NGSL

breathe
«v»
en to take air into the body and let it out again

GSL,NGSL

bridge
«n»
en a structure built over a waterway, valley or road so people and vehicles can cross from one side to the other

GSL,NGSL

brief
«adj»
en short; not long

AWL,NGSL

bright
«adj»
en giving much light; strong and clear in color

GSL,NGSL

bring
«v»
en to come with something

GSL,NGSL

broadcast
«v»
en to send information, stories or music by radio or television
«n»
en a radio or television program

GSL,NGSL

brother
«n»
en a male with the same father or mother as another person

GSL,NGSL

brown
«adj»
en having the color like that of coffee

GSL,NGSL

budget
«n»
en a spending plan

NGSL

build
«v»
en to join materials together to make something

GSL,NGSL

building
«n»
en anything built for use as a house, factory, office, school, store or place of entertainment
bullet
«n»
en a small piece of metal shot from a gun

NAWL,BSL

burn
«v»
en to be on fire; to destroy or damage by fire

GSL,NGSL

burst
«v»
en to break open suddenly

GSL,NGSL

bury
«v»
en to put into the ground and cover with earth

GSL,NGSL

bus
«n»
en a public vehicle to carry people

GSL,NGSL

business
«n»
en one's work; buying and selling to earn money; trade

GSL,NGSL

busy
«adj»
en doing something; very active

GSL,NGSL

but
«conj»
en however; other than; yet

GSL,NGSL

buy
«v»
en to get by paying something, usually money

GSL,NGSL

by
«conj»
en near; at; next to ("by the road"); from ("a play by William Shakespeare"); not later than ("by midnight")

GSL,NGSL

cabinet
«n»
en a group of ministers that helps lead a government

BSL,TSL

call
«v»
en to give a name to
en I call myself John.
«v»
en to ask for or request
en They called for an end to the fighting.

GSL,NGSL

calm
«adj»
en quiet; peaceful; opposite tense

GSL,NGSL

camera
«n»
en a device for taking pictures

GSL,NGSL

camp
«n»
en a place with temporary housing

GSL,NGSL

campaign
«n»
en a competition by opposing political candidates seeking support from voters
«n»
en a connected series of military actions during a war

NGSL

can
«v»
en to be able to; to have the right to
«n»
en a container used to hold liquid or food, usually made of metal

GSL,NGSL

cancel
«v»
en to end; to stop

NGSL

cancer
«n»
en a disease in which dangerous cells grow quickly and destroy parts of the body

NGSL

candidate
«n»
en a person who seeks or is nominated for an office or an honor

NAWL,BSL,TSL

capital
«n»
en the official center of a government; the city where a country's government is

GSL,NGSL

capture
«v»
en to make a person or animal a prisoner; to seize or take by force; to get control of

NGSL

car
«n»
en a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; an automobile; a part of a train

GSL,NGSL

care
«v»
en to like; to protect; to feel worry or interest

GSL,NGSL

career
«n»
en a chosen profession; a person’s working life
en The actor’s career lasted for thirty years.

NGSL

careful
«adj»
en acting safely; with much thought

NGSL

carry
«v»
en to take something or someone from one place to another

GSL,NGSL

case
«n»
en a legal action (court)
«n»
en an incident of disease (medical)
en There was only one case of chicken pox at the school.

GSL,NGSL

cat
«n»
en a small animal that often lives with humans

GSL,NGSL

catch
«v»
en to seize after a chase; to stop and seize with the hands

GSL,NGSL

cause
«v»
en to make happen
«n»
en the thing or person that produces a result

GSL,NGSL

ceasefire
«n»
en a halt in fighting, usually by agreement

BSL

celebrate
«v»
en to honor a person or event with special activities

NGSL

center
«n»
en the middle of something; the place in the middle; a place that is the main point of an activity

GSL,NGSL

century
«n»
en one hundred years

GSL,NGSL

ceremony
«n»
en an act or series of acts done in a special way established by tradition

GSL,NGSL

chairman
«n»
en a person leading a meeting or an organized group

GSL,NGSL

champion
«n»
en the best; the winner

NGSL

chance
«n»
en a possibility of winning or losing or that something will happen

GSL,NGSL

change
«v»
en to make different; to become different

GSL,NGSL

charge
«v»
en to accuse someone of something, usually a crime
«n»
en a statement in which someone is accused of something

GSL,NGSL

chase
«v»
en to run or go after someone or something

NGSL

cheat
«v»
en to get by a trick; to steal from

GSL,NAWL,BSL

cheer
«v»
en to shout approval or praise

GSL,NAWL,BSL,TSL

chemicals
«n»
en elements found in nature or made by people; substances used in the science of chemistry
chemistry
«n»
en the scientific study of substances, what they are made of, how they act under different conditions, and how they form other substances

NAWL,TSL

chief
«n»
en the head or leader of a group
«adj»
en leading; most important

GSL,NGSL

child
«n»
en a baby; a boy or girl

GSL,NGSL

children
«n»
en more than one child
choose
«v»
en to decide between two or more

GSL,NGSL

circle
«n»
en a closed shape that has all its points equally distant from the center, like an "O"

GSL,NGSL

citizen
«n»
en a person who is a member of a country by birth or by law

GSL,NGSL

city
«n»
en any important large town

GSL,NGSL

civil rights
«n»
en the political, economic and social rights given equally to all people of a nation
civilian
«adj»
en not military

NGSL

claim
«v»
en to say something as a fact

GSL,NGSL

clash
«v»
en to fight or oppose
«n»
en a battle

BSL

class
«n»
en a group of students who meet to study the same subject; also, a social or economic group.
en They were members of the middle class.

GSL,NGSL

clean
«v»
en to make pure
«adj»
en free from dirt or harmful substances
en clean water

GSL,NGSL

clear
«adj»
en easy to see or see through
«adj»
en easily understood

GSL,NGSL

clergy
«n»
en a body of officials within a religious organization
climate
«n»
en the normal weather conditions of a place

NGSL

climb
«v»
en to go up or down something by using the feet and sometimes the hands

GSL,NGSL

clock
«n»
en a device that measures and shows time

GSL,NGSL

close
«v»
en to make something not open
«adv»
en near to

GSL,NGSL

cloth
«n»
en a material made from plants, chemicals, animal hair and other substances

GSL,TSL

clothes
«n»
en what people wear

NGSL

cloud
«n»
en a mass of fog high in the sky

GSL,NGSL

coal
«n»
en a solid black substance used as fuel

GSL,NGSL

coalition
«n»
en forces, groups or nations joined together

BSL

coast
«n»
en land on the edge of the ocean

GSL,NGSL

coffee
«n»
en a drink made from the plant of the same name

GSL,NGSL

cold
«adj»
en not warm; having or feeling great coolness or a low temperature

GSL,NGSL

collapse
«v»
en to fall down or inward suddenly; to break down or fail suddenly in strength, health or power
en The building collapsed in the earthquake.
en The government collapsed after a vote in parliament.

AWL,NGSL

collect
«v»
en to bring or gather together in one place; to demand and receive
en collect taxes

GSL,NGSL

college
«n»
en a small university

GSL,NGSL

colony
«n»
en land controlled by another country or government

GSL,NAWL

color
«n»
en the different effects of light on the eye, making blue, red, brown, black, yellow and others

GSL,NGSL

combine
«v»
en to mix or bring together

GSL,NGSL

come
«v»
en to move toward; to arrive

GSL,NGSL

command
«v»
en to order; to have power over something

GSL,NGSL

comment
«v»
en to say something about; to express an opinion about something

AWL,NGSL

committee
«n»
en a group of people given special work

GSL,NGSL

common
«adj»
en usual; same for all
en a common purpose

GSL,NGSL

communicate
«v»
en to tell; to give or exchange information

AWL,NGSL

community
«n»
en a group of people living together in one place or area

AWL,NGSL

company
«n»
en a business organized for trade, industrial or other purposes

GSL,NGSL

compare
«v»
en to examine what is different or similar

GSL,NGSL

compete
«v»
en to try to do as well as, or better than, another or others

GSL,NGSL

complete
«adj»
en having all parts; ended or finished

GSL,NGSL

complex
«adj»
en of or having many parts that are difficult to understand; not simple

AWL,NGSL

compromise
«n»
en the settlement of an argument where each side agrees to accept less than first demanded

NGSL

computer
«n»
en an electronic machine for storing and organizing information, and for communicating with others

NGSL

concern
«v»
en to fear
en to be concerned
«n»
en interest, worry
en express concern about

GSL,NGSL

condemn
«v»
en to say a person or action is wrong or bad

BSL

condition
«n»
en something declared necessary to complete an agreement
«n»
en a person's health

GSL,NGSL

conference
«n»
en a meeting

NAWL,BSL,TSL

confirm
«v»
en to approve; to say that something is true

AWL,NGSL

conflict
«n»
en a fight; a battle, especially a long one

AWL,NGSL

congratulate
«v»
en to praise a person or to express pleasure for success or good luck

GSL,TSL

Congress
«n»
en the organization of people elected to make the laws of the United States (the House of Representatives and the Senate); a similar organization in other countries
connect
«v»
en to join one thing to another; to unite; to link

GSL,NGSL

conservative
«n»
en one who usually supports tradition and opposes great change

NGSL

consider
«v»
en to give thought to; to think about carefully

GSL,NGSL

constitution
«n»
en the written general laws and ideas that form a nation's system of government

NAWL,BSL

contact
«v»
en to meet or communicate with
en He wanted to contact his local official.
«n»
en the act of touching or being close to a person or thing
en He was in contact with animals that had the disease.

AWL,NGSL

contain
«v»
en to hold; to include

GSL,NGSL

container
«n»
en a box, bottle or can used to hold something

NAWL,BSL,TSL

continent
«n»
en any of the seven great land areas of the world

NAWL,BSL

continue
«v»
en to go on doing or being

GSL,NGSL

control
«v»
en to direct; to have power over

GSL,NGSL

convention
«n»
en a large meeting for a special purpose

NGSL

cook
«v»
en to heat food before eating it

GSL,NGSL

cool
«adj»
en almost cold

GSL,NGSL

cooperate
«v»
en to act or work together

AWL,TSL

copy
«v»
en to make something exactly like another
«n»
en something made to look exactly like another

GSL,NGSL

corn
«n»
en a food grain

GSL,BSL

correct
«v»
en to change to what is right
«adj»
en true; free from mistakes;

GSL,NGSL

corruption
«n»
en actions taken to gain money or power that are legally or morally wrong

NAWL,BSL

cost
«v»
en to be valued at
en The book costs five dollars.
«n»
en the price or value of something
en The cost of the book is five dollars.

GSL,NGSL

cotton
«n»
en a material made from a plant of the same name

GSL,BSL

count
«v»
en to speak or add numbers

GSL,NGSL

country
«n»
en a nation; the territory of a nation
«n»
en land away from cities

GSL,NGSL

court
«n»
en where trials take place; where judges make decisions about law

GSL,NGSL

cover
«v»
en to put something over a person or thing
«n»
en anything that is put over a person or thing

GSL,NGSL

cow
«n»
en a farm animal used for its milk

GSL,NGSL

crash
«v»
en to fall violently; to hit with great force

GSL,NGSL

create
«v»
en to make; to give life or form to

AWL,NGSL

creature
«n»
en any living being; any animal or human

GSL,NGSL

credit
«n»
en an agreement that payments will be made at a later time

AWL,NGSL

crew
«n»
en a group of people working together

NGSL

crime
«n»
en an act that violates a law

GSL,NGSL

criminal
«n»
en a person who is responsible for a crime

GSL,NGSL

crisis
«n»
en an extremely important time when something may become much better or worse; a dangerous situation

NGSL

criticize
«v»
en to say what is wrong with something or someone; to condemn; to judge

NGSL

crops
«n»
en plants that are grown and gathered for food, such as grains, fruits and vegetables
cross
«v»
en to go from one side to another; to go across

GSL,NGSL

crowd
«n»
en a large number of people gathered in one place

GSL,NGSL

crush
«v»
en to damage or destroy by great weight; to defeat completely

GSL,BSL

cry
«v»
en to express or show sorrow or pain

GSL,NGSL

culture
«n»
en all the beliefs, traditions and arts of a group or population

AWL,NGSL

cure
«v»
en to improve health; to make well
en The doctor can cure the disease.
«n»
en something that makes a sick person well
en Antibiotics are a cure for infection.

GSL,NAWL,BSL

curfew
«n»
en an order to people to stay off the streets or to close their businesses
current
«n»
en movement of air, water or electricity
«adj»
en belonging to the present time
en She found the report in a current publication.

GSL,NGSL

custom
«n»
en a long-established belief or activity of a people

GSL,NGSL

customs
«n»
en taxes on imports
cut
«v»
en to divide or injure with a sharp tool; to make less; to reduce

GSL,NGSL

dam
«n»
en a wall built across a river to hold back flowing water
damage
«v»
en to cause injury or destruction
«n»
en harm; hurt or injury, usually to things

GSL,NGSL

dance
«v»
en to move the body and feet to music
«n»
en a series of steps, usually to music

GSL,NGSL

danger
«n»
en a strong chance of suffering injury, damage or loss

GSL,NGSL

dark
«adj»
en having little or no light
en The room was dark.

GSL,NGSL

date
«n»
en an expression of time; a day, month and year

GSL,NGSL

daughter
«n»
en a person's female child

GSL,NGSL

day
«n»
en twenty-four hours; the hours of sunlight

GSL,NGSL

dead
«adj»
en not living

GSL,NGSL

deaf
«adj»
en not able to hear

GSL

deal
«v»
en to have to do with
en The talks will deal with the problem of pollution.
«v»
en to buy or sell
en Her company deals in plastic.

GSL,NGSL

debate
«v»
en to argue for or against something
«n»
en a public discussion or argument

AWL,NGSL

debt
«n»
en something that is owed; the condition of owing

GSL,NGSL

decide
«v»
en to choose; to settle; to judge

GSL,NGSL

declare
«v»
en to say; to make a statement

GSL,NGSL

decrease
«v»
en to make less in size or amount

GSL,NGSL

deep
«adj»
en going far down; a long way from top to bottom

GSL,NGSL

defeat
«v»
en to cause to lose in a battle or struggle
«n»
en a loss; the condition of having lost

GSL,NGSL

defend
«v»
en to guard or fight against attack; to protect

GSL,NGSL

deficit
«n»
en a shortage that results when spending is greater than earnings, or imports are greater than exports

NGSL

define
«v»
en to give the meaning of; to explain

AWL,NGSL

degree
«n»
en a measure of temperature

GSL,NGSL

delay
«v»
en to decide to do something at a later time; to postpone; to cause to be late

GSL,NGSL

delegate
«n»
en one sent to act for another; one who represents another

BSL,TSL

demand
«v»
en to ask by ordering; to ask with force

GSL,NGSL

democracy
«n»
en the system of government in which citizens vote to choose leaders or to make other important decisions

NGSL

demonstrate
«v»
en to make a public show of opinions or feelings
en The crowd demonstrated in support of human rights.
«v»
en to explain by using examples
en The teacher demonstrated the idea with an experiment.

AWL,NGSL

denounce
«v»
en to accuse of being wrong or evil; to criticize severely

BSL

deny
«v»
en to declare that something is not true; to refuse a request

AWL,NGSL

depend
«v»
en to need help and support

GSL,NGSL

deplore
«v»
en to regret strongly; to express sadness
deploy
«v»
en to move forces or weapons into positions for action

BSL

depression
«n»
en severe unhappiness; a period of reduced business and economic activity during which many people lose their jobs

NGSL

describe
«v»
en to give a word picture of something; to give details of something

GSL,NGSL

desert
«n»
en a dry area of land

GSL,NGSL

design
«v»
en to plan or create plans for

AWL,NGSL

desire
«v»
en to want very much; to wish for

GSL,NGSL

destroy
«v»
en to break into pieces; to end the existence of

GSL,NGSL

detail
«n»
en a small part of something
«n»
en a small piece of information

GSL,NGSL

detain
«v»
en to keep or hold
en The police detained several suspects for questioning.
develop
«v»
en to grow; to create; to experience progress

GSL,NGSL

device
«n»
en a piece of equipment made for a special purpose

AWL,NGSL

dictator
«n»
en a ruler with complete power

BSL

die
«v»
en to become dead; to stop living; to end

GSL,NGSL

diet
«n»
en usual daily food and drink

NGSL

different
«adj»
en not the same

GSL,NGSL

difficult
«adj»
en not easy; hard to do, make or carry out

GSL,NGSL

dig
«v»
en to make a hole in the ground

GSL,NGSL

dinner
«n»
en the main amount of food eaten at a usual time
en The family had its dinner at noon.
«n»
en a special event that includes food
en The official dinner took place at the White House.

GSL,NGSL

diplomat
«n»
en a person who represents his or her government in dealing with another government

BSL

direct
«v»
en to lead; to aim or show the way
en He directed me to the theater.
«adj»
en straight to something; not through some other person or thing
en The path is direct.

GSL,NGSL

direction
«n»
en the way (east, west, north, south); where someone or something came from or went to

GSL,NGSL

dirt
«n»
en earth or soil

GSL

disappear
«v»
en to become unseen
«v»
en to no longer exist

GSL,NGSL

disarm
«v»
en to take away weapons; to no longer keep weapons; to make a bomb harmless by removing its exploding device
disaster
«n»
en an event causing widespread destruction or loss of life, such as an earthquake or plane crash

NGSL

discover
«v»
en to find or learn something

GSL,NGSL

discrimination
«n»
en unfair treatment or consideration based on opinions about a whole group instead of on the qualities of an individual.
en He was accused of discrimination against people from other countries.

NAWL,BSL

discuss
«v»
en to talk about; to exchange ideas

GSL,NGSL

disease
«n»
en a sickness in living things, often caused by viruses, germs or bacteria

GSL,NGSL

dismiss
«v»
en to send away; to refuse to consider

GSL,NGSL

dispute
«v»
en to oppose strongly by argument
«n»
en an angry debate

NGSL

dissident
«n»
en a person who strongly disagrees with his or her government

BSL

distance
«n»
en the amount of space between two places or objects
en The distance from my house to your house is two kilometers.

GSL,NGSL

dive
«v»
en to jump into water head first

GSL,TSL

divide
«v»
en to separate into two or more parts

GSL,NGSL

do
«v»
en to act; to make an effort

GSL,NGSL

doctor
«n»
en a person trained in medicine to treat sick people

GSL,NGSL

document
«n»
en an official piece of paper with facts written on it, used as proof or support of something

AWL,NGSL

dog
«n»
en a small animal that often lives with humans

GSL,NGSL

dollar
«n»
en United States money, one hundred cents

GSL,NGSL

door
«n»
en an opening for entering or leaving a building or room

GSL,NGSL

double
«v»
en to increase two times as much in size, strength or number

GSL,NGSL

down
«adv»
en from higher to lower; in a low place

GSL,NGSL

dream
«v»
en to have a picture or story in the mind during sleep
«n»
en a picture or story in the mind during sleep; a happy idea about the future

GSL,NGSL

drink
«v»
en to take liquid into the body through the mouth

GSL,NGSL

drive
«v»
en to control a moving vehicle

GSL,NGSL

drop
«v»
en to fall or let fall; to go lower

GSL,NGSL

drown
«v»
en to die under water

GSL

drug
«n»
en anything used as a medicine or in making medicine; a chemical substance used to ease pain or to affect the mind

NGSL

dry
«adj»
en not wet
«adj»
en without rain

GSL,NGSL

during
«prep»
en through the whole time; while (something is happening)

GSL,NGSL

dust
«n»
en pieces of matter so small that they can float in the air

GSL,NGSL

duty
«n»
en one's job or responsibility; what one must do because it is right and just

GSL,NGSL

each
«pron»
en every one by itself

GSL,NGSL

early
«adj»
en at or near the beginning, especially the beginning of the day; opposite late

GSL,NGSL

earn
«v»
en to be paid in return for work done

GSL,NGSL

earth
«n»
en the planet we all live on; the ground or soil

GSL,NGSL

earthquake
«n»
en a sudden, violent shaking of the earth's surface

BSL,TSL

ease
«v»
en to reduce; to make less difficult

GSL,NGSL

east
«n»
en the direction from which the sun rises

GSL,NGSL

easy
«adj»
en not difficult; not hard to do

GSL,NGSL

eat
«v»
en to take food into the body through the mouth

GSL,NGSL

ecology
«n»
en the scientific study of the environment and links among living and material things

NAWL

economy
«n»
en the system by which money, industry and trade are organized

AWL,NGSL

edge
«n»
en the line where something ends or begins

GSL,NGSL

education
«n»
en the act of teaching

GSL,NGSL

effect
«n»
en the result or change caused by something
en The storm had a serious effect on the economy.

GSL,NGSL

effort
«n»
en an attempt; the work necessary to do something

GSL,NGSL

egg
«n»
en the rounded object containing unborn young produced by female birds, fish or reptiles; a single cell in a female person or animal that can develop into a baby

GSL,NGSL

either
«pron»
en one of two, but not the other

GSL,NGSL

elect
«v»
en to choose by voting

GSL,NGSL

electricity
«n»
en a form of energy that flows through wires to provide heat and light, and power to machines

NGSL

embassy
«n»
en the offices of an ambassador and his or her assistants

TSL

embryo
«n»
en a human or animal in the earliest stages of its development
emergency
«n»
en an unexpected and dangerous situation demanding quick action

NGSL

emotion
«n»
en a strong feeling such as love, hate, fear or sadness

NGSL

employ
«v»
en to give work in return for wages

GSL,NGSL

empty
«v»
en to remove everything
«adj»
en having nothing inside

GSL,NGSL

end
«v»
en to stop; to finish
«n»
en the part which comes last

GSL,NGSL

enemy
«n»
en a person opposing or hating another
«n»
en a person or people of the other side in a war

GSL,NGSL

energy
«n»
en power used to do work, usually with machines; the ability and willingness to be active

AWL,NGSL

enforce
«v»
en to make something be done

AWL,BSL

engine
«n»
en a machine that uses energy to cause movement or to do work

GSL,NGSL

engineer
«n»
en a person who designs engines, machines, roads, bridges or railroads

GSL,NGSL

enjoy
«v»
en to be pleased or satisfied by something

GSL,NGSL

enough
«adv»
en as much as necessary
«pron»
en the amount needed

GSL,NGSL

enter
«v»
en to come or go into

GSL,NGSL

environment
«n»
en all surrounding things, conditions and influences that affect life; the natural world of land, sea, air, plants and animals

AWL,NGSL

equal
«adj»
en the same in amount, size, weight or value
«adj»
en having the same rights

GSL,NGSL

equipment
«n»
en things, tools or machines needed for a purpose or activity

NGSL

escape
«v»
en to get free; to get away from; to get out of

GSL,NGSL

especially
«adv»
en more than others
en We liked the food, especially the fish.

GSL,NGSL

establish
«v»
en to bring into existence; to create

AWL,NGSL

estimate
«v»
en to form an opinion about a value, size or amount using less than complete information

AWL,NGSL

ethnic
«adj»
en of or concerning people belonging to a large group because of their race, religion, language, tribe or where their ancestors lived

AWL,NGSL

evaporate
«v»
en to change from a liquid into a gas
even
«adv»
en in a way not thought possible
en They survived, even though the building was destroyed.

GSL,NGSL

event
«n»
en that which happens, especially something of importance

GSL,NGSL

ever
«adv»
en at any time

GSL,NGSL

every
«adv»
en each one; all

GSL,NGSL

evidence
«n»
en material or facts that prove something; a reason for believing

NGSL

evil
«adj»
en not good; extremely bad

GSL,NGSL

exact
«adj»
en having no mistakes; correct in every detail

GSL,NGSL

examine
«v»
en to study closely

GSL,NGSL

example
«n»
en a part that shows what the rest of a thing or group is like

GSL,NGSL

excellent
«adj»
en extremely good

GSL,NGSL

except
«prep»
en but for

GSL,NGSL

exchange
«v»
en to trade; to give or receive one thing for another

GSL,NGSL

excuse
«v»
en to take away blame; to pardon; to forgive
«n»
en a reason (sometimes false) for an action

GSL,NGSL

execute
«v»
en to kill

NAWL,BSL

exercise
«n»
en an activity or effort for the purpose of improving the body or to stay in good health

GSL,NGSL

exile
«v»
en to force a person to leave his or her country; to expel
«n»
en a person who is forced to leave his or her country

BSL

exist
«v»
en to be; to live

GSL,NGSL

expand
«v»
en to make larger; to grow larger

AWL,NGSL

expect
«v»
en to think or believe that something will happen; to wait for an event

GSL,NGSL

expel
«v»
en to force out; to remove from; to send away
experience
«v»
en to live through an event, situation or condition
en She experienced great pain.
«n»
en something that one has done or lived through
en The experience caused her great pain.

GSL,NGSL

experiment
«v»
en to test
«n»
en a test or trial carried out to prove if an idea is true or false, or to discover something

GSL,NGSL

expert
«n»
en a person with special knowledge or training

AWL,NGSL

explain
«v»
en to give reasons for; to make clear; to tell about; to tell the meaning

GSL,NGSL

explode
«v»
en to break apart violently with a loud noise, like a bomb

GSL,BSL

explore
«v»
en to travel in a place that is not well known to learn more about it; to make a careful search; to examine closely

GSL,NGSL

export
«v»
en to send to another country
«n»
en something sent to another country, usually for sale

AWL,NGSL

express
«v»
en to say clearly

GSL,NGSL

extend
«v»
en to stretch out in area or length; to continue for a longer time

GSL,NGSL

extra
«adj»
en more than normal, expected or necessary

GSL,NGSL

extraordinary
«adj»
en far greater or better than the usual or normal

GSL,NGSL

extreme
«adj»
en more than the usual or accepted

GSL,NGSL

extremist
«n»
en a person with strong religious or political beliefs who acts in an extreme or violent way

BSL

face
«v»
en to look toward; to turn toward
«v»
en to have before you, such as a problem or danger
«n»
en the front of the head: eyes, nose, mouth

GSL,NGSL

fact
«n»
en something known or proved to be true

GSL,NGSL

factory
«n»
en a building or group of buildings where goods are made

GSL,NGSL

fail
«v»
en to not succeed; to not reach a goal

GSL,NGSL

fair
«adj»
en just; honest; what is right

GSL,NGSL

fall
«v»
en to go down quickly; to come down; to drop to the ground or a lower position

GSL,NGSL

false
«adj»
en not true; not correct

GSL,NGSL

family
«n»
en the group that includes children and their parents

GSL,NGSL

famous
«adj»
en known very well to many people

NGSL

fan
«n»
en a person who actively supports a sport, activity or performer
en The baseball fan attended every game his team played.

GSL,NGSL

far
«adv»
en at, to or from a great distance

GSL,NGSL

farm
«n»
en land used to grow crops and animals for food

GSL,NGSL

fast
«adj»
en moving or working at great speed; quick

GSL,NGSL

fat
«n»
en tissue in the bodies of humans and animals used to store energy and to keep warm
«adj»
en thick; heavy

GSL,NGSL

father
«n»
en the male parent; a man who has a child or children

GSL,NGSL

favorite
«adj»
en liked more than others
en Ice cream was her favorite food.

GSL,NGSL

fear
«v»
en to be afraid; to worry that something bad is near or may happen
en He feared falling down.
«n»
en a strong emotion when there is danger or trouble
en He had a fear that he would fall down.

GSL,NGSL

federal
«adj»
en of or having to do with a national or central government

AWL,NGSL

feed
«v»
en to give food to

GSL,NGSL

feel
«v»
en to have or experience an emotion
«v»
en to know by touching

GSL,NGSL

female
«n»
en a woman or girl; the sex that gives birth
«adj»
en of or about women

GSL,NGSL

fence
«n»
en something around an area of land to keep animals or people in or out

GSL,NGSL

fertile
«adj»
en rich in production of plants or animals; producing much
few
«pron»
en not many; a small number of

GSL,NGSL

field
«n»
en an area of open land, usually used to grow crops or to raise animals

GSL,NGSL

fierce
«adj»
en extremely strong; violent; angry

GSL,BSL

fight
«v»
en to use violence or force; to attempt to defeat or destroy an enemy;
«n»
en the use of force; a battle

GSL,NGSL

fill
«v»
en to put or pour something into a container until there is space for no more

GSL,NGSL

film
«v»
en to record something so it can be seen again; to make a motion picture or movie
«n»
en a thin piece of material for making pictures with a camera; a movie

GSL,NGSL

final
«adj»
en at the end; last

AWL,NGSL

financial
«adj»
en of or about the system that includes the use of money, credit, investments and banks

NGSL

find
«v»
en to discover or learn something by searching or by accident; to decide a court case
en The jury finds the man guilty of murder.

GSL,NGSL

fine
«n»
en a payment ordered by a court to punish someone for a crime
«adj»
en very good; very small or thin

GSL,NGSL

finish
«v»
en to complete; to end

GSL,NGSL

fire
«v»
en to shoot a gun
«n»
en the heat and light produced by something burning

GSL,NGSL

fireworks
«n»
en rockets producing bright fire in the sky, used in holiday celebrations
firm
«adj»
en not easily moved or changed
en She is firm in her opinion.

GSL,NGSL

first
«adj»
en coming before all others

GSL,NGSL

fish
«n»
en a creature that lives and can breathe in water

GSL,NGSL

fit
«v»
en to be of the correct size or shape
en These shoes fit my feet.

GSL,NGSL

fix
«v»
en to make good or right again

GSL,NGSL

flag
«n»
en a piece of colored cloth used to represent a nation, government or organization

GSL,NGSL

flat
«adj»
en smooth; having no high places

GSL,NGSL

flee
«v»
en to run away from

BSL

float
«v»
en to be on water without sinking; to move or be moved gently on water or through air

GSL,NGSL

flood
«v»
en to cover with water
«n»
en the movement of water out of a river, lake or ocean onto land

GSL,NGSL

floor
«n»
en the bottom part of a room for walking on
en The book fell to the floor.
«n»
en the level of a building
en The fire was on the first floor.

GSL,NGSL

flow
«v»
en to move like a liquid

GSL,NGSL

flower
«n»
en the colored part of plants that carry seeds

GSL,NGSL

fluid
«n»
en any substance that can flow, such as a liquid

NAWL

fly
«v»
en to move through the air with wings, like a bird or airplane; to travel in an airplane or flying vehicle

GSL,NGSL

fog
«n»
en a mass of wet air that is difficult to see through; a cloud close to the ground

TSL

follow
«v»
en to come or go after; to accept the rule or power of; to obey

GSL,NGSL

food
«n»
en that which is taken in by all living things for energy, strength and growth

GSL,NGSL

fool
«v»
en to make someone believe something that is not true; to trick
«n»
en a person who is tricked easily

GSL,NGSL

foot
«n»
en the bottom part of the leg; the part of the body that touches the ground when a person or animal walks

GSL,NGSL

for
«prep»
en because of
en He is famous for his work.
«prep»
en in exchange
en Give me one dollar for the book.
«prep»
en through space or time
en They travelled for one hour.
«prep»
en representative of
en I speak for all people.
«prep»
en to be employed by
en She works for a computer company.

GSL,NGSL

force
«v»
en to make someone do something or make something happen by using power
«n»
en power, strength
«n»
en strength used against a person or object
«n»
en military power of a nation; a military group

GSL,NGSL

foreign
«adj»
en of, about or from another nation; not from one's own place or country

GSL,NGSL

forest
«n»
en a place of many trees

GSL,NGSL

forget
«v»
en to not remember

GSL,NGSL

forgive
«v»
en to pardon; to excuse; to remove guilt

GSL

form
«v»
en to make; to start; to shape
en They formed a swim team.
«n»
en a kind
en Swimming is a form of exercise.

GSL,NGSL

former
«adj»
en earlier in time; not now

GSL,NGSL

forward
«adv»
en the direction in front of; toward the front

GSL,NGSL

free
«v»
en to release
«adj»
en not controlled by another or by outside forces; not in prison; independent
«adj»
en not limited by rules
«adj»
en without cost

GSL,NGSL

freedom
«n»
en the condition of being free

GSL,NGSL

freeze
«v»
en to cause or to become very cold; to make or to become hard by cold

GSL,NGSL

fresh
«adj»
en newly made or gathered; recent

GSL,NGSL

friend
«n»
en a person one likes and trusts

GSL,NGSL

frighten
«v»
en to cause great fear

GSL,NGSL

from
«prep»
en having a person, place or thing as a beginning or cause
en It is a message from the president.
«prep»
en at a place distant, not near
en The school is five kilometers from my home.
«prep»
en because of
en He is suffering from cancer.

GSL,NGSL

front
«n»
en the forward part; the opposite of back; the beginning; the first part

GSL,NGSL

fruit
«n»
en food from trees and plants

GSL,NGSL

fuel
«n»
en any substance burned to create heat or power

NGSL

full
«adj»
en containing as much as a person or thing can hold; complete

GSL,NGSL

fun
«n»
en anything that is pleasing and causes happiness

GSL,NGSL

funeral
«n»
en a ceremony held in connection with the burial or burning of the dead

GSL

future
«n»
en time after now
en We can talk about it in the future.
«adj»
en in the time to come
en All future meetings will be held in this room.

GSL,NGSL

gain
«v»
en to get possession of; to get more; to increase

GSL,NGSL

game
«n»
en an activity with rules in which people or teams play or compete, usually sports

GSL,NGSL

gas
«n»
en any substance that is not solid or liquid; any substance that burns to provide heat, light or power

GSL,NGSL

gather
«v»
en to bring or come together into a group or place
«v»
en to collect

GSL,NGSL

general
«n»
en a high military leader
«adj»
en without details; affecting or including all or almost all

GSL,NGSL

generation
«n»
en a group of individuals born and living at about the same time.
en The mother and daughter represented two generations.

AWL,NGSL

genocide
«n»
en a plan of action to kill or destroy a national, religious, racial or ethnic group

BSL

gentle
«adj»
en soft; kind; not rough or violent

GSL,NGSL

get
«v»
en to receive; to gain; to go and bring back; to become; to become the owner of

GSL,NGSL

gift
«n»
en something given without cost

GSL,NGSL

girl
«n»
en a young female person

GSL,NGSL

give
«v»
en to present to another to keep without receiving payment

GSL,NGSL

glass
«n»
en a hard, clear material that is easily broken, used most often for windows or for containers to hold liquids

GSL,NGSL

go
«v»
en to move from one place to another; to leave

GSL,NGSL

goal
«n»
en that toward which an effort is directed; that which is aimed at; the end of a trip or race

AWL,NGSL

god
«n»
en the spirit that is honored as creator of all things
en They believe in God.
«n»
en a spirit or being believed in many religions to have special powers

GSL,NGSL

gold
«n»
en a highly valued yellow metal

GSL,NGSL

good
«adj»
en pleasing; helpful; kind; correct; not bad

GSL,NGSL

goods
«n»
en things owned or made to be sold

NAWL,BSL,TSL

govern
«v»
en to control; to rule by military or political power

GSL,NGSL

government
«n»
en a system of governing; the organization of people that rules a country, city or area

NGSL

grain
«n»
en the seed of grass plants used for food, such as wheat, rice and corn; those plants that produce the seeds

GSL,NGSL

grass
«n»
en a plant with long, narrow, green leaves

GSL,NGSL

gray
«adj»
en having the color like that made by mixing black and white

GSL,NGSL

great
«adj»
en very large or more than usual in size or number
«adj»
en very good
«adj»
en important

GSL,NGSL

green
«adj»
en having the color like that made by mixing yellow and blue; having the color like that of growing leaves and grass

GSL,NGSL

grind
«v»
en to reduce to small pieces by crushing

GSL

ground
«n»
en land; the earth's surface; soil

GSL,NGSL

group
«n»
en a number of people or things together; a gathering of people working for a common purpose

GSL,NGSL

grow
«v»
en to develop or become bigger; to increase in size or amount

GSL,NGSL

guarantee
«v»
en to promise a result; to promise that something will happen

AWL,NGSL

guard
«v»
en to watch and protect a person, place or thing
en He guards the president.
«n»
en a person or thing that watches or protects
en He is a prison guard.

GSL,NGSL

guerrilla
«n»
en a person who fights as part of an unofficial army, usually against an official army or police

BSL

guide
«v»
en to lead to; to show the way
«n»
en one who shows the way

GSL,NGSL

guilty
«adj»
en having done something wrong or in violation of a law; responsible for a bad action

NGSL

gun
«n»
en a weapon that shoots bullets

GSL,NGSL

hair
«n»
en the fine material that grows from the skin, especially from the head

GSL,NGSL

half
«n»
en one of two equal parts of something

GSL,NGSL

halt
«v»
en to come or cause to come to a stop; to stop

BSL

hang
«v»
en to place something so the highest part is supported and the lower part is not
«v»
en to kill by hanging

GSL,NGSL

happen
«v»
en to become a fact or event; to take place

GSL,NGSL

happy
«adj»
en pleased; satisfied; feeling good; not sad

GSL,NGSL

hard
«adj»
en not easily cut or broken; solid
«adj»
en difficult to do or understand
«adj»
en needing much effort or force

GSL,NGSL

harm
«v»
en to injure; to damage
«n»
en damage; hurt

GSL,NGSL

harvest
«v»
en to gather crops
«n»
en the crop after it is gathered

GSL,NAWL,BSL

hat
«n»
en a head cover

GSL,NGSL

hate
«v»
en to have strong emotions against; to consider as an enemy; opposite love

GSL,NGSL

have
«v»
en to possess; to own; to hold

GSL,NGSL

he
«pron»
en the boy or man who is being spoken about

GSL,NGSL

head
«v»
en to lead; to command
«n»
en leader; chief; the top part of something; the highest position

GSL,NGSL

headquarters
«n»
en the center from which orders are given; the main offices of a business or organization
heal
«v»
en to return to good health; to cure; to become well

GSL

health
«n»
en the general condition of the body and mind; the condition of being free from sickness or disease

GSL,NGSL

hear
«v»
en to receive sound through the ears
«v»
en to receive news about

GSL,NGSL

heat
«v»
en to make hot or warm
«n»
en great warmth; that which is produced by burning fuel; energy from the sun

GSL,NGSL

heavy
«adj»
en having much weight; not easy to lift; of great amount or force

GSL,NGSL

helicopter
«n»
en a machine without wings that can fly up or down or remain in one place above the ground

BSL

help
«v»
en to give support; to assist; to make easier
«n»
en support; aid

GSL,NGSL

here
«adv»
en in, to or at this place

GSL,NGSL

hero
«n»
en a person honored for being brave or wise

NGSL

hide
«v»
en to prevent from being seen or found; to make secret

GSL,NGSL

high
«adj»
en tall; far up; far above the ground; important; above others

GSL,NGSL

hijack
«v»
en to seize or take control of a vehicle by force
hill
«n»
en a small mountain

GSL,NGSL

history
«n»
en the written record or description of past events; the study of the past

GSL,NGSL

hit
«v»
en to strike; to touch with force

GSL,NGSL

hold
«v»
en to carry or support, usually in the hands or arms
«v»
en to keep in one position
«v»
en to keep as a prisoner
«v»
en to contain; to possess; to occupy
«v»
en to organize and be involved in
en The two sides hold talks this week.

GSL,NGSL

hole
«n»
en an opening; a torn or broken place in something

GSL,NGSL

holiday
«n»
en a day when one does not work
«n»
en a day on which no work is done to honor or remember a person or event

GSL,NGSL

holy
«adj»
en greatly honored in religion

GSL

home
«n»
en the building where a person lives, especially with family
«n»
en the place where one was born or comes from
«n»
en the area or country where one lives

GSL,NGSL

honest
«adj»
en truthful; able to be trusted

GSL,NGSL

honor
«v»
en to obey; to show strong, good feelings for
en to honor one's parents
«n»
en an award; an act of giving special recognition
en He received many honors for his efforts to help others.

GSL,NGSL

hope
«v»
en to expect; to believe there is a good chance that something will happen as wanted; to want something to happen

GSL,NGSL

horrible
«adj»
en causing great fear; terrible

NGSL

horse
«n»
en a large animal often used for racing, riding or farm work

GSL,NGSL

hospital
«n»
en a place where sick or injured people are given medical care

GSL,NGSL

hostage
«n»
en a person captured and held as a guarantee that a demand or promise will be honored
hostile
«adj»
en ready to fight; ready for war

BSL

hot
«adj»
en having or feeling great heat or a high temperature

GSL,NGSL

hotel
«n»
en a building with rooms, and often food, for travellers

GSL,NGSL

hour
«n»
en a measure of time; sixty minutes

GSL,NGSL

house
«n»
en a building in which people live; a country's parliament or lawmaking group
en House of Representatives

GSL,NGSL

how
«adv»
en in what way; to what amount

GSL,NGSL

however
«conj»
en yet; but

GSL,NGSL

huge
«adj»
en very big; of great size

NGSL

human
«adj»
en of or about people

GSL,NGSL

humor
«n»
en the ability to understand, enjoy or express what makes people laugh

NGSL

hunger
«n»
en the need for food

GSL,NGSL

hunt
«v»
en to search for animals to capture or kill them
«v»
en to seek; to try to find

GSL,NGSL

hurry
«v»
en to do or go fast

GSL,NGSL

hurt
«v»
en to cause pain, injury or damage

GSL,NGSL

husband
«n»
en a man who is married

GSL,NGSL

I
«pron»
en the person speaking
ice
«n»
en frozen water

GSL,NGSL

idea
«n»
en a thought or picture in the mind; a belief

GSL,NGSL

identify
«v»
en to recognize someone or something and to say who or what they are

AWL,NGSL

if
«conj»
en on condition; provided that
en I will go if you go.

GSL,NGSL

ignore
«v»
en to pay no attention to or refuse to consider
en The president ignored the protesters outside his office.

NGSL

illegal
«adj»
en not legal; in violation of a law

NGSL

imagine
«v»
en to make a picture in the mind; to form an idea

GSL,NGSL

immediate
«adj»
en without delay; very near in time or place

GSL,NGSL

immigrant
«n»
en a person who arrives in a country to live there

NGSL

import
«v»
en to bring from another country
«n»
en something brought from another country, usually for sale

NGSL

important
«adj»
en having great meaning, value or power

GSL,NGSL

improve
«v»
en to make better; to become better

GSL,NGSL

in
«prep»
en inside; held by; contained by; surrounded by; during

GSL,NGSL

incident
«n»
en an event or something that happens

NGSL

incite
«v»
en to urge or cause an action or emotion, usually something bad or violent
include
«v»
en to have; to make a part of

GSL,NGSL

increase
«v»
en to make more in size or amount

GSL,NGSL

independent
«adj»
en not influenced by or controlled by another or others; free; separate

NGSL

individual
«n»
en one person

AWL,NGSL

industry
«n»
en any business that produces goods or provides services; the work and related activity in factories and offices; all organizations involved in manufacturing

GSL,NGSL

infect
«v»
en to make sick with something that causes disease

NAWL,BSL

inflation
«n»
en a continuing rise in prices while the value of money goes down

NGSL

influence
«v»
en to have an effect on someone or something; to cause change

GSL,NGSL

inform
«v»
en to tell; to give knowledge to

GSL,NGSL

information
«n»
en knowledge; facts

NGSL

inject
«v»
en to force a fluid into, such as putting medicine or drugs into the body through the skin

NAWL

injure
«v»
en to cause harm or damage to a person or animal

AWL,NGSL

innocent
«adj»
en not guilty of a crime; not responsible for a bad action

NGSL

insane
«adj»
en mentally sick
insect
«n»
en a very small creature, usually with many legs and sometimes with wings

GSL,NAWL

inspect
«v»
en to look at something carefully; to examine, especially by an expert

AWL,BSL,TSL

instead
«adv»
en in the place of; taking the place of

GSL,NGSL

instrument
«n»
en a tool or device designed to do something or to make something

GSL,NGSL

insult
«v»
en to say something or to do something that makes another person angry or dishonored

GSL

intelligence
«n»
en the ability to think or learn
«n»
en information gathered by spying

AWL,NGSL

intelligent
«adj»
en quick to understand or learn

BSL

intense
«adj»
en very strong; extremely serious

AWL,NGSL

interest
«n»
en what is important to someone
en He acted to protect his interests.
en She had a great interest in painting.
«n»
en a share in owning a business
«n»
en money paid for the use of money borrowed

GSL,NGSL

interfere
«v»
en to get in the way of; to work against; to take part in the activities of others, especially when not asked to do so

GSL,NAWL,BSL,TSL

international
«adj»
en of or about more than one nation or many nations; of the whole world

GSL,NGSL

Internet
«n»
en the extensive communications system that connects computers around the world
intervene
«v»
en to come between; to come between in order to settle or solve

AWL,NAWL,BSL

invade
«v»
en to enter an area or country by force with an army

NAWL,BSL

invent
«v»
en to plan and make something never made before; to create a new thing or way of doing something

GSL,NGSL

invest
«v»
en to give money to a business or organization with the hope of making more money

AWL,NGSL

investigate
«v»
en to study or examine all information about an event, situation or charge; to search for the truth

AWL,NGSL

invite
«v»
en to ask someone to take part in or join an event, organization or gathering

GSL,NGSL

involve
«v»
en to take part in; to become a part of; to include

AWL,NGSL

iron
«n»
en a strong, hard metal used to make machines and tools

GSL,NGSL

island
«n»
en a land area with water all around it

GSL,NGSL

issue
«n»
en an important problem or subject that people are discussing or arguing about

AWL,NGSL

it
«pron»
en a thing, place, event or idea that is being spoken about
en The sky is blue, but it also has a few white clouds.

GSL,NGSL

jail
«n»
en a prison for those waiting to be tried for a crime or for those serving sentences for crimes that are not serious

NGSL

jewel
«n»
en a valuable stone, such as a diamond or emerald

GSL

job
«n»
en the work that one does to earn money

AWL,NGSL

join
«v»
en to put together or come together; to become part of or a member of

GSL,NGSL

joint
«adj»
en shared by two or more

GSL,NGSL

joke
«n»
en something done or said to cause others to laugh

GSL,NGSL

judge
«v»
en to form an opinion about; to decide a question, especially a legal one
«n»
en a public official who decides problems of law in a court

GSL,NGSL

jump
«v»
en to push down on the feet and move up quickly into the air

GSL,NGSL

jury
«n»
en a group of people chosen to decide what is true in a trial

NGSL

just
«adv»
en only
en Help me for just a minute.
«adv»
en very shortly before or after the present
en He just left.
«adv»
en at the same time
en He left just as I came in.
«adv»
en what is right or fair
en The law is just, in my opinion.

GSL,NGSL

justice
«n»
en the quality of being right, fair or lawful

GSL,NGSL

keep
«v»
en to possess; to have for oneself

GSL,NGSL

kick
«v»
en to hit with the foot

GSL,NGSL

kidnap
«v»
en to seize and take away by force

BSL

kill
«v»
en to make dead; to cause to die

GSL,NGSL

kind
«n»
en sort
en What kind of dog is that?
«adj»
en gentle; caring; helpful

GSL,NGSL

kiss
«v»
en to touch with the mouth to show love or honor

GSL,NGSL

knife
«n»
en a tool or weapon used to cut

GSL,NGSL

know
«v»
en to understand something as correct; to have the facts about; to recognize someone because you have met and talked together before

GSL,NGSL

knowledge
«n»
en that which is known; learning or understanding

GSL,NGSL

labor
«n»
en work; workers as a group

NGSL

laboratory
«n»
en a room or place where experiments in science are done

NGSL

lack
«v»
en to be without
«n»
en the condition of needing, wanting or not having

GSL,NGSL

lake
«n»
en a large area of fresh water surrounded by land

GSL,NGSL

land
«v»
en to come to the earth from the air
en Airplanes land at airports.
«n»
en the part of the earth not covered by water; the ground

GSL,NGSL

language
«n»
en words and their use; what people speak in a country, nation or group

GSL,NGSL

large
«adj»
en big; being of more than usual size, amount or number; opposite small

GSL,NGSL

last
«v»
en to continue
en The talks will last three days.
«adj»
en after all others; the only one remaining
en She is the last person in line.

GSL,NGSL

late
«adj»
en after the correct time; near the end; opposite early

GSL,NGSL

laugh
«v»
en to make sounds to express pleasure or happy feelings

GSL,NGSL

launch
«v»
en to put into operation; to begin; to send into the air or space

NGSL

law
«n»
en all or any rules made by a government

GSL,NGSL

lead
«v»
en to show the way; to command; to control; to go first

GSL,NGSL

leak
«v»
en to come out of or to escape through a small opening or hole (usually a gas or liquid)

BSL,TSL

learn
«v»
en to get knowledge about; to come to know a fact or facts

GSL,NGSL

leave
«v»
en to go away from
«v»
en to let something stay where it is

GSL,NGSL

left
«adv»
en on the side that is toward the west when one is facing north; opposite right

GSL,NGSL

legal
«adj»
en of or in agreement with the law

AWL,NGSL

legislature
«n»
en a government lawmaking group

BSL

lend
«v»
en to permit someone to use a thing temporarily; to make a loan of money

GSL,NGSL

less
«adv»
en smaller in amount; not as much

GSL,NGSL

let
«v»
en to permit to do or to be; to make possible

GSL,NGSL

letter
«n»
en a message written on paper; a communication in writing sent to another person

GSL,NGSL

level
«n»
en the amount or height that something reaches or rises to; the position of something or someone

GSL,NGSL

liberal
«adj»
en one who usually supports social progress or change

AWL,NGSL

lie
«v»
en to have one's body on the ground or other surface
«v»
en to say something that one knows is not true

GSL,NGSL

life
«n»
en the time between being born and dying; opposite death
«n»
en all living things

GSL,NGSL

lift
«v»
en to take or bring up to a higher place or level

GSL,NGSL

light
«n»
en a form of energy that affects the eyes so that one is able to see
«n»
en anything that produces light
«adj»
en bright; clear; not heavy

GSL,NGSL

lightning
«n»
en light produced by electricity in the air, usually during a storm
like
«v»
en to be pleased with; to have good feelings for someone or something
«adj»
en in the same way as; similar to

GSL,NGSL

limit
«v»
en to restrict to a number or amount
«n»
en the greatest amount or number permitted

GSL,NGSL

line
«n»
en a long, thin mark on a surface
«n»
en a number of people or things organized; one after another
«n»
en the edge of an area protected by military forces

GSL,NGSL

link
«v»
en to connect; to unite one thing or event with another
«n»
en a relation between two or more things, situations or events

AWL,NGSL

liquid
«n»
en a substance that is not a solid or gas, and can move freely, like water

GSL,NGSL

list
«v»
en to put in writing a number of names of people or things
«n»
en a written series of names or things

GSL,NGSL

listen
«v»
en to try to hear

GSL,NGSL

literature
«n»
en all the poems, stories and writings of a period of time or of a country

GSL,NGSL

little
«adj»
en not tall or big; a small amount

GSL,NGSL

live
«v»
en to have life; to exist
«adj»
en having life; alive

GSL,NGSL

load
«v»
en to put objects on or into a vehicle or container
«n»
en that which is carried

GSL,NGSL

loan
«n»
en money borrowed that usually must be returned with interest payments; something borrowed

GSL,NGSL

local
«adj»
en about or having to do with one place

GSL,NGSL

lonely
«adj»
en feeling alone and wanting friends; visited by few or no people
en A lonely man.

GSL

long
«adj»
en not short; measuring from beginning to end; measuring much; for much time

GSL,NGSL

look
«v»
en to turn the eyes toward so as to see; to search or hunt for
«v»
en to seem to be

GSL,NGSL

lose
«v»
en to have no longer; to not find; to fail to keep
«v»
en to be defeated

GSL,NGSL

loud
«adj»
en having a strong sound; full of sound or noise

GSL,NGSL

love
«v»
en to like very much; to feel a strong, kind emotion (sometimes involving sex)
«n»
en a strong, kind emotion for someone or something; opposite hate

GSL,NGSL

low
«adj»
en not high or tall; below the normal height; close to the ground

GSL,NGSL

loyal
«adj»
en showing strong friendship and support for someone or something

GSL,BSL,TSL

luck
«n»
en something that happens by chance

GSL,NGSL

machine
«n»
en a device with moving parts used to do work

GSL,NGSL

magazine
«n»
en a publication of news, stories, pictures or other information

NGSL

mail
«n»
en letters, papers and other things sent through an official system, such as a post office

GSL,NGSL

main
«adj»
en the most important or largest

GSL,NGSL

major
«adj»
en great in size, importance or amount

AWL,NGSL

majority
«n»
en the greater number; more than half

NGSL

make
«v»
en to produce; to create; to build; to do something or to carry out an action; to cause to be or to become

GSL,NGSL

male
«n»
en a man or boy; the sex that is the father of children
«adj»
en of or about men

GSL,NGSL

man
«n»
en an adult male human

GSL,NGSL

manufacture
«v»
en to make goods in large amounts

GSL,NGSL

many
«adv»
en a large number or amount of

GSL,NGSL

map
«n»
en a picture of the earth's surface or a part of it

GSL,NGSL

march
«v»
en to walk in a group like soldiers; to walk together in a large group to protest about something

GSL,NGSL

mark
«v»
en to make a sign or cut on something

GSL,NGSL

market
«n»
en a place or area where goods are sold, bought or traded; an economic system in which the prices of things are decided by how many there are and how much money people are willing to pay for them

GSL,NGSL

marry
«v»
en to join a man and woman together as husband and wife; to become husband and wife (usually in a religious or civil ceremony)

GSL,NGSL

mass
«n»
en an amount of matter having no special form and usually of a large size

GSL,NGSL

mate
«v»
en to bring together a male and a female to create another creature

NGSL

material
«n»
en the substance, substances or matter of which something is made or from which something can be made, such as wood, cloth or stone; anything that can be made into something else

GSL,NGSL

mathematics
«n»
en the science dealing with amounts, sizes and shapes, as explained by numbers and signs

NGSL

matter
«n»
en anything that can be seen or felt; what things are made of

GSL,NGSL

may
«v»
en a word used with an action word to mean permit or possible
en May I go?
en They may leave tomorrow.

GSL,NGSL

mayor
«n»
en the chief official of a city or town government

NGSL

meal
«n»
en food eaten to satisfy hunger, such as dinner

GSL,NGSL

mean
«v»
en to want to; to give the idea of; to have the idea of

GSL,NGSL

measure
«v»
en to learn the amount, size or distance of something
«n»
en an action taken; a legislative proposal

GSL,NGSL

meat
«n»
en the part of a dead animal used for food

GSL,NGSL

media
«n»
en all public information organizations, including newspapers, television and radio

AWL,NAWL,BSL,TSL

medicine
«n»
en a substance or drug used to treat disease or pain
«n»
en the science or study of treating and curing disease or improving health

GSL,NGSL

meet
«v»
en to come together with someone or something at the same time and place

GSL,NGSL

melt
«v»
en to make a solid into a liquid by heating it

GSL

member
«n»
en one of a group

GSL,NGSL

memorial
«n»
en something done or made to honor the memory of a person or event
memory
«n»
en a picture in the mind of past events; the ability to remember; a thing remembered

GSL,NGSL

mental
«adj»
en about or having to do with the mind

AWL,NGSL

message
«n»
en written or spoken news or information; a note from one person to another person or group

GSL,NGSL

metal
«n»
en a hard substance such as iron, steel or gold

GSL,NGSL

method
«n»
en the way something is done

AWL,NGSL

microscope
«n»
en a device used to make very small things look larger so they can be studied

TSL

middle
«n»
en the center; a place or time of equal distance from both sides or ends
«adj»
en in the center

GSL,NGSL

militant
«n»
en someone active in trying to cause political change, often by the use of force or violence

BSL

military
«n»
en the armed forces of a nation or group
«adj»
en of or about the armed forces

AWL,NGSL

militia
«n»
en an army of citizens instead of professional soldiers; an armed force or private army

BSL

milk
«n»
en the white liquid produced by female animals to feed their young

GSL,NGSL

mind
«n»
en the thinking, feeling part of a person

GSL,NGSL

mine
«v»
en to dig useful or valuable substances out of the earth
«n»
en a place in the earth where such substances are found; a bomb placed under the ground or under water so it cannot be seen

GSL,NGSL

mineral
«n»
en a substance found in nature that is not an animal or a plant, such as coal or salt

GSL,NAWL,BSL,TSL

minister
«n»
en a member of a cabinet; a high government official
en prime minister, foreign minister

GSL,NGSL

minor
«adj»
en small in size; of little importance

AWL,NGSL

minority
«n»
en the smaller number; opposite majority

NGSL

minute
«n»
en a measure of time; one of the sixty equal parts of an hour; sixty seconds

GSL,NGSL

miss
«v»
en to fail to hit, see, reach or meet

GSL,NGSL

missile
«n»
en any weapon that can be thrown or fired through the air and explodes when it reaches its target

NAWL,BSL

missing
«adj»
en lost; not found
mistake
«n»
en a wrong action or decision; an action done without the knowledge that it was wrong

GSL,NGSL

mix
«v»
en to put different things together to make one thing

GSL,NGSL

mob
«n»
en a large group of wild or angry people
model
«n»
en an example; something, usually small, made to show how something will look or work

GSL,NGSL

moderate
«adj»
en not extreme

GSL,NGSL

modern
«adj»
en of the present or very recent time; the most improved

GSL,NGSL

money
«n»
en pieces of metal or paper used to pay for things

GSL,NGSL

month
«n»
en one of the twelve periods of time into which a year is divided

GSL,NGSL

moon
«n»
en the bright object often seen in the night sky that orbits the earth about every twenty-nine days

GSL,NGSL

moral
«adj»
en concerning what is right or wrong in someone's actions

GSL,NGSL

more
«adv»
en greater in size or amount

GSL,NGSL

morning
«n»
en the early part of the day, from sunrise until noon

GSL,NGSL

most
«adv»
en greatest in size or amount

GSL,NGSL

mother
«n»
en the female parent; a woman who has a child or children

GSL,NGSL

motion
«n»
en a movement; a continuing change of position or place

GSL,NGSL

mountain
«n»
en a part of the earth's surface that rises high above the area around it

GSL,NGSL

mourn
«v»
en to express or feel sadness
move
«v»
en to change position; to put or keep in motion; to go

GSL,NGSL

movement
«n»
en the act of moving or a way of moving; a series of acts or efforts to reach a goal

NGSL

movie
«n»
en a motion picture; a film

NGSL

much
«adv»
en great in amount

GSL,NGSL

murder
«v»
en to kill another person illegally
«n»
en the crime of killing another person

GSL,NGSL

music
«n»
en the making of sounds by singing or using a musical instrument

GSL,NGSL

must
«v»
en a word used with an action word to mean necessary
en You must go to school.

GSL,NGSL

mystery
«n»
en something that is not or cannot be explained or understood; a secret

GSL,NGSL

name
«v»
en to appoint; to nominate; to give a name to
«n»
en a word by which a person, animal or thing is known or called

GSL,NGSL

narrow
«adj»
en limited in size or amount; not wide; having a short distance from one side to the other

GSL,NGSL

nation
«n»
en a country, together with its social and political systems

GSL,NGSL

native
«n»
en someone who was born in a place, not one who moved there

GSL,NGSL

natural
«adj»
en of or about nature; normal; common to its kind

NGSL

nature
«n»
en all the plants, animals and other things on earth not created by humans; events or processes not caused by humans

GSL,NGSL

navy
«n»
en the part of a country's military force trained to fight at sea
near
«prep»
en not far; close to

GSL,NGSL

necessary
«adj»
en needed to get a result or effect; required

GSL,NGSL

need
«v»
en to require; to want; to be necessary to have or to do

GSL,NGSL

negotiate
«v»
en to talk about a problem or situation to find a common solution

NGSL

neighbor
«n»
en a person or country that is next to or near another

GSL,NGSL

neither
«pron»
en not one or the other of two

GSL,NGSL

neutral
«adj»
en not supporting one side or the other in a dispute

AWL,NAWL,BSL

never
«adv»
en at no time; not ever

GSL,NGSL

new
«adj»
en not existing before; not known before; recently made, built, bought or grown
«adj»
en another; different

GSL,NGSL

news
«n»
en information about any recent events, especially as reported by the media

GSL,NGSL

nice
«adj»
en pleasing; good; kind

GSL,NGSL

night
«n»
en the time between when the sun goes down and when it rises, when there is little or no light

GSL,NGSL

no
«adv»
en used to reject or to refuse; not any; not at all

GSL,NGSL

noise
«n»
en sound, especially when loud

GSL,NGSL

nominate
«v»
en to name someone as a candidate for an election; to propose a person for an office or position

BSL,TSL

noon
«n»
en the middle of the day; twelve o'clock in the daytime

GSL,TSL

normal
«n»
en the usual condition, amount or form
«adj»
en usual; what is expected

AWL,NGSL

north
«n»
en the direction to the left of a person facing the rising sun

GSL,NGSL

not
«adv»
en a word showing that something is denied or untrue
en She is not going.

GSL,NGSL

note
«v»
en to talk about something already known
«n»
en a word or words written to help a person remember; a short letter

GSL,NGSL

nothing
«n»
en not anything; no thing

GSL,NGSL

now
«adv»
en at this time; immediately

GSL,NGSL

nowhere
«adv»
en not in, to or at any place

GSL,NGSL

nuclear
«adj»
en of or about the energy produced by splitting atoms or bringing them together; of or about weapons that explode by using energy from atoms

AWL,NGSL

number
«n»
en a word or sign used to show the order or amount of things

GSL,NGSL

obey
«v»
en to act as one is ordered to act

GSL

object
«v»
en to show that one does not like or approve; to protest
«n»
en something not alive that can be seen or touched

GSL,NGSL

observe
«v»
en to watch; to look at carefully
«v»
en to celebrate or honor something
en They will observe the anniversary of the day she was born.

GSL,NGSL

occupy
«v»
en to take and hold or to control by force

AWL,NGSL

ocean
«n»
en the area of salt water that covers almost seventy-five percent of the earth's surface; any of the five main divisions of this water

GSL,NGSL

of
«prep»
en made from; belonging to; about; connected to; included among

GSL,NGSL

off
«adj»
en away; at a distance
«adj»
en condition when something is no longer operating or continuing; not on; not connected

GSL,NGSL

offensive
«n»
en a military campaign of attack
«adj»
en having to do with attacking

BSL

offer
«v»
en to present or propose
«n»
en the act of presenting or proposing; that which is presented or proposed

GSL,NGSL

office
«n»
en a room or building where business or work is done; a public position to which one is elected or appointed

GSL,NGSL

officer
«n»
en a person in the military who commands others; any person who is a member of a police force

GSL,NGSL

official
«n»
en a person with power in an organization; a representative of an organization or government
«adj»
en of or about an office; approved by the government or someone in power

GSL,NGSL

often
«adv»
en many times

GSL,NGSL

oil
«n»
en a thick liquid that does not mix with water and that burns easily; a black liquid taken from the ground and used as fuel

GSL,NGSL

old
«adj»
en not young or new; having lived or existed for many years

GSL,NGSL

on
«prep»
en above and held up by; touching the upper surface of
en The book is on the table.
«prep»
en supported by
en He is on his feet.
«prep»
en about
en The report on the meeting is ready.
«prep»
en at the time of
en He left on Wednesday.

GSL,NGSL

once
«adv»
en one time only

GSL,NGSL

only
«adv»
en being the single one or ones; no more than
en We have only two dollars.

GSL,NGSL

open
«v»
en to start
en They opened talks.
«adj»
en not closed; not secret

GSL,NGSL

operate
«v»
en to do work or a job; to cut into the body for medical reasons

GSL,NGSL

opinion
«n»
en a belief based on one's own ideas and thinking

GSL,NGSL

oppose
«v»
en to be against; to fight against

GSL,NGSL

opposite
«adj»
en different as possible; completely different from; exactly the other way
en North is the opposite direction from south.

GSL,NGSL

oppress
«v»
en to make others suffer; to control by the use of unjust and cruel force or power
or
«conj»
en giving another of two choices; giving the last of several choices

GSL,NGSL

orbit
«v»
en to travel in space around a planet or other object
«n»
en the path or way an object travels in space around another object or planet
order
«v»
en to give a command; to tell someone what to do
«n»
en a command; the correct or normal way things are organized; a peaceful situation in which people obey laws

GSL,NGSL

organize
«v»
en to put in order; to put together into a system

GSL,NGSL

other
«adj»
en different; of another kind; the remaining one or ones of two or more
en That man is short; the other is tall.

GSL,NGSL

our
«pron»
en of or belonging to us
oust
«v»
en to force to leave; to remove by force

BSL

out
«adv»
en away from the inside; opposite of in

GSL,NGSL

over
«conj»
en above; covering; across, in or on every part of
en all over the world

GSL,NGSL

overthrow
«v»
en to remove from power; to defeat or end by force
owe
«v»
en to pay or have to repay (usually money) in return for something received

GSL,NGSL

own
«v»
en to have or possess for oneself

GSL,NGSL

pain
«n»
en a hurt or suffering somewhere in the body

GSL,NGSL

paint
«v»
en to cover with a liquid color; to make a picture with liquid colors;
«n»
en a colored liquid used to cover or protect a surface

GSL,NGSL

paper
«n»
en a thin, flat material made from plants or cloth often used for writing

GSL,NGSL

parachute
«n»
en a device that permits a person or thing to fall slowly from an airplane or helicopter to the ground
parade
«n»
en a group of people and vehicles moving together to celebrate a special event or anniversary

TSL

pardon
«v»
en to forgive for a crime and release from punishment

GSL,NAWL

parent
«n»
en a father or mother

GSL,NGSL

parliament
«n»
en a government lawmaking group

BSL

part
«n»
en something less than the whole; not all of something

GSL,NGSL

partner
«n»
en a person who takes part in some activity in common with another or others.
en The two men were business partners.

GSL,AWL,NGSL

party
«n»
en a group of people working together for a political purpose; a group of people or friends gathered together for enjoyment

GSL,NGSL

pass
«v»
en to go by or move around something; to move along; to cause or permit to go

GSL,NGSL

passenger
«n»
en a person travelling by airplane, train, boat or car who is not the pilot or driver

GSL,NGSL

passport
«n»
en a document permitting a person to travel to another country

BSL,TSL

past
«n»
en the time gone by; the time before
«adj»
en recent; immediately before; former

GSL,NGSL

path
«n»
en a narrow way for walking; a way along which something moves

GSL,NGSL

patient
«n»
en a person being treated by a doctor for a health problem

GSL,NGSL

pay
«v»
en to give money for work done or for something bought

GSL,NGSL

peace
«n»
en the condition of freedom from war, fighting or noise; rest; quiet

GSL,NGSL

people
«n»
en any group of persons; all the persons of a group, race, religion or nation
en the American people

GSL,NGSL

percent
«n»
en a part of every hundred
en Ten is ten percent of one hundred.

AWL,NGSL

perfect
«adj»
en complete or correct in every way; completely right or good; without mistakes

GSL,NGSL

perform
«v»
en to speak, dance or sing in front of others

GSL,NGSL

period
«n»
en an amount of time within events, restrictions or conditions

AWL,NGSL

permanent
«adj»
en never changing; lasting for a very long time or for all time

GSL,NGSL

permit
«v»
en to let; to make possible

GSL,NGSL

person
«n»
en a man, woman or child

GSL,NGSL

persuade
«v»
en to cause someone to do something by explaining or urging
en The police persuaded the criminal to surrender his weapon.

GSL,NGSL

physical
«adj»
en of the body

AWL,NGSL

physics
«n»
en the study of motion, matter and energy

NAWL,BSL,TSL

picture
«n»
en something that shows what another thing looks like; an idea or representation of something as seen by the eye; a painting; what is made with a camera

GSL,NGSL

piece
«n»
en a part of something larger

GSL,NGSL

pig
«n»
en a farm animal used for its meat

GSL,NGSL

pilot
«n»
en one who guides or flies an airplane or helicopter

NGSL

pipe
«n»
en a long, round piece of material used to move liquid or gas

GSL,NGSL

place
«v»
en to put something somewhere
«n»
en an area or a part of an area; space where a person or thing is; any room, building, town or country

GSL,NGSL

plan
«v»
en to organize or develop an idea or method of acting or doing something
en They plan to have a party.
«n»
en an organized or developed idea or method
en The plan will not work.

GSL,NGSL

planet
«n»
en a large object in space that orbits the sun
en Earth is a planet.

NGSL

plant
«v»
en to put into the ground to grow
«n»
en a living growth from the ground which gets its food from air, water and earth

GSL,NGSL

plastic
«n»
en a material made from chemicals that can be formed and made into things

NGSL

play
«v»
en to have fun; to not work
«v»
en to take part in a sport
«v»
en to make music on an instrument
«n»
en a story acted in a theater

GSL,NGSL

please
«v»
en to make one happy; to give enjoyment

GSL,NGSL

plenty
«n»
en all that is needed; a large enough amount

GSL,NGSL

plot
«v»
en to make secret plans
«n»
en a secret plan to do something wrong or illegal

NGSL

poem
«n»
en words and their sounds organized in a special way to express emotions

GSL,NGSL

point
«v»
en to aim one's finger toward; to aim
«n»
en the sharp end of something

GSL,NGSL

poison
«n»
en a substance that can destroy life or damage health

GSL,BSL

police
«n»
en a government agency responsible for guarding the public, keeping order, and making sure people obey the law; members of that agency

GSL,NGSL

policy
«n»
en an established set of plans or goals used to develop and make decisions in politics, economics or business

AWL,NGSL

politics
«n»
en the activities of government and of those who are in public office

GSL,NGSL

pollute
«v»
en to release dangerous or unpleasant substances into the air, soil or water

TSL

poor
«n»
en people with little or no money
«adj»
en lacking money or goods; of bad quality

GSL,NGSL

popular
«adj»
en liked by many people; generally approved by the public

GSL,NGSL

population
«n»
en all the people in a place, city or country

GSL,NGSL

port
«n»
en a city where ships load or unload goods; a place on a coast where ships can be safe from a storm

NGSL

position
«n»
en a place; the way of holding the body; the way a thing is set or placed; a job (or level of a job) in an organization

GSL,NGSL

possess
«v»
en to have; to own; to control or be controlled by

GSL,NGSL

possible
«adj»
en able to be done; can happen or is expected to happen

GSL,NGSL

postpone
«v»
en to delay action until a later time

GSL,BSL,TSL

pour
«v»
en to flow; to cause to flow

GSL,NGSL

poverty
«n»
en the condition of being poor

GSL,NGSL

power
«n»
en the ability to control or direct others; control; strength; ruling force; force or energy used to do work
en Water power turns the wheel.

GSL,NGSL

praise
«v»
en to say good things about; to approve

GSL,NGSL

pray
«v»
en to make a request to a god or spirit; to praise a god or spirit

GSL,NGSL

predict
«v»
en to say what one believes will happen in the future
en The weather scientist predicted a cold winter.

AWL,NGSL

pregnant
«adj»
en carrying a child within the body before it is born; expecting to give birth to a baby

NGSL

present
«v»
en to offer for consideration
en We will present our idea to the committee.
«n»
en a gift
en I gave them a present for their anniversary.
«n»
en now
en The present time is a good time.
«adj»
en to be at a place
en I was present at school yesterday.

GSL,NGSL

president
«n»
en the chief official of a country that is a republic; the leader of an organization

GSL,NGSL

press
«v»
en to urge strongly
«n»
en newspapers, magazines and other publications

GSL,NGSL

pressure
«n»
en the force produced when something is pushed down or against something else

GSL,NGSL

prevent
«v»
en to keep or stop from going or happening

GSL,NGSL

price
«n»
en the amount of money for which anything is bought, sold or offered for sale

GSL,NGSL

prison
«n»
en a place where a person is kept as punishment for a crime

GSL,NGSL

private
«adj»
en of or about a person or group that is secret; opposite public

GSL,NGSL

prize
«n»
en something offered or won in a competition; something of value that one must work hard for to get

GSL,NGSL

probably
«adv»
en a good chance of taking place; a little more than possible

NGSL

problem
«n»
en a difficult question or situation with an unknown or unclear answer

GSL,NGSL

process
«n»
en an operation or series of changes leading to a desired result

AWL,NGSL

produce
«v»
en to make; to create; to cause something to be; to manufacture

GSL,NGSL

profession
«n»
en a job that requires special training

GSL,NGSL

professor
«n»
en a teacher at a college or university

NGSL

profit
«n»
en money gained from a business activity after paying all costs of that activity

GSL,NGSL

program
«n»
en a plan of action; the different events or parts of a meeting or show

GSL,NGSL

progress
«n»
en movement forward or toward improvement or a goal

GSL,NGSL

project
«n»
en a planned effort to do something

AWL,NGSL

promise
«v»
en to say one will do something
«n»
en a spoken or written agreement to do something

GSL,NGSL

propaganda
«n»
en ideas or information used to influence opinions
property
«n»
en anything owned by someone such as land, buildings or goods

GSL,NGSL

propose
«v»
en to present or offer for consideration

GSL,NGSL

protect
«v»
en to guard; to defend; to prevent from being harmed or damaged

GSL,NGSL

protest
«v»
en to speak against; to object

NGSL

prove
«v»
en to show to be true

GSL,NGSL

provide
«v»
en to give something needed or wanted

GSL,NGSL

public
«adj»
en of or about all the people in a community or country; opposite private

GSL,NGSL

publication
«n»
en something that is published such as a book, newspaper or magazine

AWL,NGSL

publish
«v»
en to make public something that is written; to include something in a book, newspaper or magazine

AWL,NAWL,BSL,TSL

pull
«v»
en to use force to move something toward the person or thing using the force; opposite push

GSL,NGSL

pump
«v»
en to force a gas or liquid up, into or through

GSL,NGSL

punish
«v»
en to cause pain, suffering or loss for doing something bad or illegal

GSL,NAWL,BSL

purchase
«v»
en to buy with money or with something of equal value
«n»
en that which is bought

AWL,NGSL

pure
«adj»
en free from anything that is different or that reduces value; clean

GSL,NGSL

purpose
«n»
en the reason or desired effect for doing something; goal

GSL,NGSL

push
«v»
en to use force to move something away from the person or thing using the force; opposite pull

GSL,NGSL

put
«v»
en to place; to set in position

GSL,NGSL

quality
«n»
en that which something is known to have or be
en An important quality of steel is its strength.
«n»
en amount of value or excellence
en Their goods are of the highest quality.

GSL,NGSL

question
«v»
en to ask; to express wonder or disbelief
«n»
en a sentence or word used in asking for information
«n»
en a problem; an issue to be discussed

GSL,NGSL

quick
«adj»
en fast

GSL,NGSL

quiet
«adj»
en with little or no noise; having little or no movement; calm

GSL,NGSL

race
«v»
en to run; to take part in a competition to decide who or what can move fastest; to take part in a campaign for political office
«n»
en one of the major groups that humans can be divided into because of a common physical similarity, such as skin color

GSL,NGSL

radar
«n»
en a device that uses radio signals to learn the position or speed of objects that may be too far away to be seen

NAWL

radiation
«n»
en waves of energy from something that produces heat or light; energy from a nuclear substance, which can be dangerous

NAWL

radio
«n»
en the system of sending and receiving signals or sounds through the air without wires

GSL,NGSL

raid
«v»
en to make a sudden attack
«n»
en a sudden attack carried out as an act of war, or for the purpose of seizing or stealing something

BSL

railroad
«n»
en a road for trains
«n»
en a company that operates such a road and its stations and equipment

GSL

rain
«n»
en water falling from the sky

GSL,NGSL

raise
«v»
en to lift up; to move to a higher position; to cause to grow; to increase

GSL,NGSL

rape
«v»
en to carry out a sexual attack by force against a person

BSL

rare
«adj»
en not common; not usual; not often

GSL,NGSL

rate
«n»
en speed; a measure of how quickly or how often something happens; the price of any thing or service that is bought or sold

GSL,NGSL

reach
«v»
en to put a hand toward; to arrive at; to come to

GSL,NGSL

react
«v»
en to act as a result of or in answer to

AWL,NGSL

read
«v»
en to look at and understand the meaning of written words or numbers

GSL,NGSL

ready
«adj»
en prepared; completed; organized; willing

GSL,NGSL

real
«adj»
en true; truly existing; not false

GSL,NGSL

realistic
«adj»
en in agreement with the way things are

NAWL,BSL,TSL

reason
«n»
en the cause for a belief or act; purpose; something that explains

GSL,NGSL

reasonable
«adj»
en ready to listen to reasons or ideas; not extreme; ready or willing to compromise

GSL,NGSL

rebel
«v»
en to act against a government or power, often with force; to refuse to obey
«n»
en one who opposes or fights against the government of his or her country

BSL

receive
«v»
en to get or accept something given, offered or sent

GSL,NGSL

recent
«adj»
en a short time ago

GSL,NGSL

recession
«n»
en a temporary reduction in economic activity, when industries produce less and many workers lose their jobs

BSL,TSL

recognize
«v»
en to know or remember something or someone that was known, known about or seen before; to accept another nation as independent and establish diplomatic ties with its government

GSL,NGSL

record
«v»
en to write something in order to have it for future use; to put sound or pictures in a form that can be kept and heard or seen again
«n»
en a writing that shows proof or facts about something

GSL,NGSL

recover
«v»
en to get again something that was lost, stolen or taken away
en The police recovered the stolen money
«v»
en to return to normal health or normal conditions
en She is expected to recover from the operation.

AWL,NGSL

red
«adj»
en having the color like that of blood

GSL,NGSL

reduce
«v»
en to make less or smaller in number, size or amount; to cut

GSL,NGSL

reform
«v»
en to make better by changing; to improve
«n»
en a change to a better condition

NGSL

refugee
«n»
en a person who has been forced to flee because of unjust treatment, danger or war

NGSL

refuse
«v»
en to reject; to not accept, give or do something

GSL,NGSL

register
«v»
en to have one’s name officially placed on a list of people permitted to vote in an election or take part in an educational program

AWL,NGSL

regret
«n»
en a feeling of sadness or sorrow about something that is done or that happens

GSL,NGSL

reject
«v»
en to refuse to accept, use or believe

AWL,NGSL

relations
«n»
en understandings or ties between nations; members of the same family; people connected by marriage or family ties
release
«v»
en to free; to permit to go; to permit to be known or made public

AWL,NGSL

religion
«n»
en a belief in, or the honoring of, a god or gods

GSL,NGSL

remain
«v»
en to stay in a place after others leave; to stay the same

GSL,NGSL

remains
«n»
en a dead body
remember
«v»
en to think about the past; opposite forget

GSL,NGSL

remove
«v»
en to take away or take off; to put an end to; to take out of a position or office

AWL,NGSL

repair
«n»
en work done to fix something

GSL,NGSL

repeat
«v»
en to say or do again

GSL,NGSL

report
«v»
en to tell about; to give the results of a study or investigation
«n»
en the story about an event; the results of a study or investigation; a statement in which the facts may not be confirmed

GSL,NGSL

represent
«v»
en to act in the place of someone else; to substitute for; to serve as an example

GSL,NGSL

repress
«v»
en to control or to restrict freedoms by force
request
«v»
en to ask for
«n»
en the act of asking for

GSL,NGSL

require
«v»
en to need or demand as necessary

AWL,NGSL

rescue
«v»
en to free from danger or evil

GSL,NGSL

research
«n»
en a careful study to discover correct information

AWL,NGSL

resign
«v»
en to leave a position, job or office

GSL,NGSL

resist
«v»
en to oppose; to fight to prevent

GSL,NGSL

resolution
«n»
en an official statement of agreement by a group of people, usually reached by voting

NGSL

resource
«n»
en anything of value that can be used or sold

AWL,NGSL

respect
«v»
en to feel or show honor to a person or thing
en All citizens should respect the law.

GSL,NGSL

responsible
«adj»
en having a duty or job to do
en He is responsible for preparing the report.
«adj»
en being the cause of
en They were responsible for the accident.

GSL,NGSL

rest
«v»
en to sit, lie down or sleep to regain strength
«n»
en that which remains; the others

GSL,NGSL

restaurant
«n»
en a place where people can buy and eat meals

GSL,NGSL

restrain
«v»
en to keep controlled; to limit action by a person or group

AWL,BSL

restrict
«v»
en to limit; to prevent from increasing or becoming larger

AWL,NGSL

result
«v»
en to happen from a cause
«n»
en that which follows or is produced by a cause; effect

GSL,NGSL

retire
«v»
en to leave a job or position because one is old or in poor health

GSL,NGSL

return
«v»
en to go or come back
«v»
en to bring, give, take or send back

GSL,NGSL

revolt
«v»
en to protest violently; to fight for a change, especially of government
rice
«n»
en a food grain

GSL,NGSL

rich
«adj»
en having much money or goods; having plenty of something

GSL,NGSL

ride
«v»
en to sit on or in and be carried along; to travel by animal, wheeled vehicle, airplane or boat

GSL,NGSL

right
«n»
en what a person legally and morally should be able to do or have
en It is their right to vote.
«adj»
en agreeing with the facts; good; correct; opposite wrong
«adj»
en on the side that is toward the east when one is facing north; opposite left

GSL,NGSL

riot
«v»
en to act with many others in a violent way in a public place
«n»
en a violent action by a large group of people

BSL

rise
«v»
en to go up; to go higher; to increase; to go from a position of sitting or lying to a position of standing

GSL,NGSL

risk
«n»
en the chance of loss, damage or injury

GSL,NGSL

river
«n»
en a large amount of water that flows across land into another river, a lake or an ocean

GSL,NGSL

road
«n»
en a long piece of hard ground built between two places so people can walk, drive or ride easily from one place to the other

GSL,NGSL

rob
«v»
en to take money or property secretly or by force; to steal

GSL

rock
«n»
en a hard piece of mineral matter

GSL,NGSL

rocket
«n»
en a device shaped like a tube that moves through air or space by burning gases and letting them escape from the back or bottom, sometimes used as a weapon

BSL

roll
«v»
en to turn over and over; to move like a ball

GSL,NGSL

room
«n»
en a separate area within a building with its own walls

GSL,NGSL

root
«n»
en the part of a plant that is under the ground and takes nutrients from the soil

GSL,NGSL

rope
«n»
en a long, thick piece of material made from thinner pieces of material, used for tying

GSL,NAWL

rough
«adj»
en not flat or smooth; having an uneven surface; violent; not made well

GSL,NGSL

round
«adj»
en having the shape of a ball or circle

GSL,NGSL

rub
«v»
en to move something over the surface of another thing

GSL,NAWL

rubber
«n»
en a substance made from the liquid of trees with the same name, or a similar substance made from chemicals

GSL,TSL

ruin
«v»
en to damage severely; to destroy

GSL,NGSL

rule
«v»
en to govern or control; to decide
«n»
en a statement or an order that says how something must be done

GSL,NGSL

run
«v»
en to move quickly by steps faster than those used for walking

GSL,NGSL

rural
«adj»
en describing areas away from cities which may include farms, small towns and unpopulated areas

NGSL

sabotage
«v»
en to damage or destroy as an act against an organization or nation
en The rebels sabotaged the railroad.
sacrifice
«v»
en to do without something or to suffer a loss for a belief, idea, goal or another person

GSL,BSL

sad
«adj»
en not happy

GSL,NGSL

safe
«adj»
en away from harm or danger

GSL,NGSL

sail
«v»
en to travel by boat or ship

GSL,NGSL

sailor
«n»
en a person involved in sailing a boat or ship

GSL

salt
«n»
en a white substance found in sea water and in the ground, used to affect the taste of food

GSL,NGSL

same
«adj»
en not different; not changed; like another or others

GSL,NGSL

sand
«n»
en extremely small pieces of crushed rock found in large amounts in deserts and on coasts

GSL,NGSL

satellite
«n»
en a small object in space that moves around a larger object; an object placed in orbit around the earth

BSL,TSL

satisfy
«v»
en to give or provide what is desired, needed or demanded

GSL,NGSL

save
«v»
en to make safe; to remove from harm; to keep for future use

GSL,NGSL

say
«v»
en to speak; to express in words

GSL,NGSL

school
«n»
en a place for education; a place where people go to learn

GSL,NGSL

science
«n»
en the study of nature and the actions of natural things, and the knowledge gained about them

GSL,NGSL

sea
«n»
en a large area of salt water, usually part of an ocean

GSL,NGSL

search
«v»
en to look for carefully

GSL,NGSL

season
«n»
en one of the four periods of the year that is based on the earth's position toward the sun (spring, summer, autumn, winter)
«n»
en a period of time based on different weather conditions
en dry season, rainy season
«n»
en a period during the year when something usually happens
en baseball season

GSL,NGSL

seat
«n»
en a thing to sit on; a place to sit or the right to sit there
en A seat in parliament.

GSL,NGSL

second
«adj»
en the one that comes after the first

GSL,NGSL

secret
«n»
en something known only to a few and kept from general knowledge
«adj»
en hidden from others; known only to a few

GSL,NGSL

security
«n»
en freedom from danger or harm; protection; measures necessary to protect a person or place
en Security was increased in the city.

NGSL

see
«v»
en to know or sense through the eyes; to understand or know

GSL,NGSL

seed
«n»
en the part of a plant from which new plants grow

GSL,NGSL

seek
«v»
en to search for
en They are seeking a cure for cancer.
«v»
en to try to get
en She is seeking election to public office.
«v»
en to plan to do
en Electric power companies are seeking to reduce their use of coal.

AWL,NGSL

seem
«v»
en to appear to be
en She seems to be in good health.

GSL,NGSL

seize
«v»
en to take quickly by force; to take control of quickly; to arrest

GSL,BSL

self
«n»
en all that which makes one person different from others

GSL,NGSL

sell
«v»
en to give something in exchange for money

GSL,NGSL

Senate
«n»
en the smaller of the two groups in the governments of some countries, such as in the United States Congress
send
«v»
en to cause to go; to permit to go; to cause to be carried, taken or directed to or away from a place

GSL,NGSL

sense
«v»
en to come to know about by feeling, believing or understanding
«n»
en any of the abilities to see, hear, taste, smell or feel

GSL,NGSL

sentence
«v»
en to declare the punishment for a crime
«n»
en the punishment for a crime

GSL,NGSL

separate
«v»
en to set or keep people, things or ideas away from or independent from others
«adj»
en not together or connected; different

GSL,NGSL

series
«n»
en a number of similar things or events that follow one after another in time, position or order

AWL,NGSL

serious
«adj»
en important; needing careful consideration; dangerous

GSL,NGSL

serve
«v»
en to work as an official; to be employed by the government; to assist or help

GSL,NGSL

service
«n»
en an organization or system that provides something for the public
en Schools and roads are services paid for by taxes.
«n»
en a job that an organization or business can do for money; military organizations such as an army, navy or air force; a religious ceremony

GSL,NGSL

set
«v»
en to put in place or position; to establish a time, price or limit

GSL,NGSL

settle
«v»
en to end (a dispute); to agree about (a problem)
«v»
en to make a home in a new place

GSL,NGSL

several
«pron»
en three or more, but not many

GSL,NGSL

severe
«adj»
en not gentle; causing much pain, sadness or damage

GSL,NGSL

sex
«n»
en either the male or female group into which all people and animals are divided because of their actions in producing young; the physical activity by which humans and animals can produce young

AWL,NGSL

shake
«v»
en to move or cause to move in short, quick movements

GSL,NGSL

shape
«v»
en to give form to
«n»
en the form of something, especially how it looks

GSL,NGSL

share
«v»
en to give part of something to another or others
«n»
en a part belonging to, given to or owned by a single person or a group; any one of the equal parts of ownership of a business or company

GSL,NGSL

sharp
«adj»
en having a thin edge or small point that can cut or hurt; causing hurt or pain

GSL,NGSL

she
«pron»
en the girl or woman who is being spoken about

GSL,NGSL

sheep
«n»
en a farm animal used for its meat and hair

GSL,NGSL

shell
«v»
en to fire artillery
«n»
en a metal container that is fired from a large gun and explodes when it reaches its target
«n»
en a hard outside cover

GSL,NGSL

shelter
«v»
en to protect or give protection to
«n»
en something that gives protection; a place of safety

GSL,NGSL

shine
«v»
en to aim a light; to give bright light; to be bright; to clean to make bright

GSL,NGSL

ship
«v»
en to transport
«n»
en a large boat

GSL,NGSL

shock
«v»
en to cause to feel sudden surprise or fear
«n»
en something that greatly affects the mind or emotions
«n»
en a powerful shake, as from an earthquake

GSL,NGSL

shoe
«n»
en a covering for the foot

GSL,NGSL

shoot
«v»
en to cause a gun or other weapon to send out an object designed to kill; to use a gun

GSL,NGSL

short
«adj»
en lasting only for a small period of time; not long; opposite tall

GSL,NGSL

should
«v»
en used with another verb (action word) to show responsibility, probability or that something is believed to be a good idea
en We should study.
en The talks should begin soon.
en Criminals should be punished.

GSL,NGSL

shout
«v»
en to speak very loudly

GSL,NGSL

show
«v»
en to make something be seen; to make known
«n»
en a play or story presented in a theater, or broadcast on radio or television, for enjoyment or education; something organized to be seen by the public

GSL,NGSL

shrink
«v»
en to make or become less in size, weight or value

BSL

sick
«adj»
en suffering physically or mentally with a disease or other problem; not in good health

GSL,NGSL

sickness
«n»
en the condition of being in bad health
side
«n»
en the outer surfaces of an object that are not the top or bottom; parts away from the middle; either the right or left half of the body

GSL,NGSL

sign
«v»
en to write one's name
«n»
en a mark or shape used to mean something; evidence that something exists or will happen; a flat piece of material with writing that gives information

GSL,NGSL

signal
«v»
en to send a message by signs
«n»
en an action or movement that sends a message

GSL,NGSL

silence
«v»
en to make quiet; to stop from speaking or making noise
«n»
en a lack of noise or sound

GSL,NGSL

silver
«n»
en a valued white metal

GSL,NGSL

similar
«adj»
en like something else but not exactly the same

AWL,NGSL

simple
«adj»
en easy to understand or do; not difficult or complex

GSL,NGSL

since
«prep»
en from a time in the past until now
en I have known her since we went to school together.

GSL,NGSL

sing
«v»
en to make music sounds with the voice

GSL,NGSL

single
«adj»
en one only

GSL,NGSL

sink
«v»
en to go down into water or other liquid

GSL,NGSL

sister
«n»
en a female with the same father or mother as another person

GSL,NGSL

sit
«v»
en to rest on the lower part of the body without the support of the legs; to become seated

GSL,NGSL

situation
«n»
en the way things are during a period of time

GSL,NGSL

size
«n»
en the space occupied by something; how long, wide or high something is

GSL,NGSL

skeleton
«n»
en all the bones of a human or other animal together in their normal positions
skill
«n»
en the ability gained from training or experience

GSL,NGSL

skin
«n»
en the outer covering of humans and most animals

GSL,NGSL

sky
«n»
en the space above the earth

GSL,NGSL

slave
«n»
en a person owned or controlled by another

GSL,NGSL

sleep
«v»
en to rest the body and mind with the eyes closed

GSL,NGSL

slide
«v»
en to move smoothly over a surface

GSL,NGSL

slow
«v»
en to reduce the speed of
«adj»
en not fast in moving, talking or other activities

GSL,NGSL

small
«adj»
en little in size or amount; few in number; not important; opposite large

GSL,NGSL

smash
«v»
en to break or be broken into small pieces by force; to hit or move with force
smell
«v»
en to sense through the nose
«n»
en something sensed by the nose
en the smell of food cooking

GSL,NGSL

smoke
«v»
en to use cigarettes or other tobacco products by burning them and breathing in the smoke
«n»
en that which can be seen rising into the air like a cloud from something burning

GSL,NGSL

smooth
«adj»
en having a level surface; opposite rough

GSL,NGSL

snow
«n»
en soft, white pieces of frozen water that fall from the sky, usually in winter or when the air temperature is very cold

GSL,NGSL

so
«adv»
en in such a way that
en He held the flag so all could see it.
«adv»
en also; too
en She left early, and so did we.
«adv»
en very
en I am so sick.
«conj»
en as a result
en They were sick, so they could not come.
«conj»
en in order that; for the purpose of
en Come early so we can discuss the plans.

GSL,NGSL

social
«adj»
en of or about people or a group

GSL,NGSL

soft
«adj»
en not hard; easily shaped; pleasing to touch; not loud

GSL,NGSL

soil
«n»
en earth in which plants grow

GSL,NGSL

soldier
«n»
en a person in the army

GSL,NGSL

solid
«adj»
en having a hard shape with no empty spaces inside; strong; not in the form of a liquid or gas

GSL,NGSL

solve
«v»
en to find an answer; to settle

GSL,NGSL

some
«pron»
en of an amount or number or part not stated; not all

GSL,NGSL

son
«n»
en a person's male child

GSL,NGSL

soon
«adv»
en not long after the present time; quickly

GSL,NGSL

sort
«n»
en any group of people or things that are the same or are similar in some way; a kind of something

GSL,NGSL

sound
«n»
en fast-moving waves of energy that affect the ear and result in hearing; that which is heard

GSL,NGSL

south
«n»
en the direction to the right of a person facing the rising sun

GSL,NGSL

space
«n»
en the area outside the earth's atmosphere where the sun, moon, planets and stars are; the area between or inside things

GSL,NGSL

speak
«v»
en to talk; to say words with the mouth; to express one's thoughts to others and exchange ideas; to give a speech to a group

GSL,NGSL

special
«adj»
en of a different or unusual kind; not for general use; better or more important than others of the same kind

GSL,NGSL

speech
«n»
en a talk given to a group of people

GSL,NGSL

speed
«v»
en to make something go or move faster
«n»
en the rate at which something moves or travels; the rate at which something happens or is done

GSL,NGSL

spend
«v»
en to give as payment; to use
en He spends much time studying.

GSL,NGSL

spill
«v»
en to cause or permit liquid to flow out, usually by accident

GSL,BSL,TSL

spirit
«n»
en the part of a human that is not physical and is connected to thoughts and emotions; the part of a person that is believed to remain alive after death

GSL,NGSL

split
«v»
en to separate into two or more parts; to divide or break into parts

GSL,NGSL

sport
«n»
en any game or activity of competition involving physical effort or skill

GSL,NGSL

spread
«v»
en to become longer or wider; to make or become widely known

GSL,NGSL

spring
«n»
en the time of the year between winter and summer

GSL,NGSL

spy
«v»
en to steal or get information secretly
«n»
en one who watches others secretly; a person employed by a government to get secret information about another country

BSL

square
«n»
en a flat shape having four equal sides

GSL,NGSL

stab
«v»
en to cut or push into or through with a pointed weapon
stand
«v»
en to move into or be in a position in which only the feet are on a surface; to be in one position or place

GSL,NGSL

star
«n»
en a mass of gas that usually appears as a small light in the sky at night, but is not a planet; a famous person, usually an actor or singer

GSL,NGSL

start
«v»
en to begin; to make something begin

GSL,NGSL

starve
«v»
en to suffer or die from a lack of food
state
«v»
en to say; to declare
«n»
en a political part of a nation

GSL,NGSL

station
«n»
en a place of special work or purpose
en a police station
«n»
en a place where passengers get on or off trains or buses; a place for radio or television broadcasts

GSL,NGSL

statue
«n»
en a form of a human, animal or other creature usually made of stone, wood or metal

TSL

stay
«v»
en to continue to be where one is; to remain; to not leave; to live for a time
en They stayed in New York for two years.

GSL,NGSL

steal
«v»
en to take without permission or paying

NGSL

steam
«n»
en the gas that comes from hot water

GSL,BSL

steel
«n»
en iron made harder and stronger by mixing it with other substances

GSL,NGSL

step
«v»
en to move by lifting one foot and placing it in a new position
«n»
en the act of stepping; one of a series of actions designed to reach a goal

GSL,NGSL

stick
«v»
en to attach something to another thing using a substance that will hold them together; to become fixed in one position so that movement is difficult
en Something is making the door stick.
«n»
en a thin piece of wood

GSL,NGSL

still
«adv»
en not moving
en The man was standing still.
«adv»
en until the present or a stated time
en Was he still there?
«adv»
en even so; although
en The job was difficult, but she still wanted to do it.

GSL,NGSL

stone
«n»
en a small piece of rock

GSL,NGSL

stop
«v»
en to prevent any more movement or action; to come or bring to an end

GSL,NGSL

store
«v»
en to keep or put away for future use
«n»
en a place where people buy things

GSL,NGSL

storm
«n»
en violent weather, including strong winds and rain or snow

GSL,NGSL

story
«n»
en the telling or writing of an event, either real or imagined

GSL,NGSL

stove
«n»
en a heating device used for cooking

GSL

straight
«adj»
en continuing in one direction without turns

GSL,NGSL

strange
«adj»
en unusual; not normal; not known

GSL,NGSL

street
«n»
en a road in a city, town or village

GSL,NGSL

stretch
«v»
en to extend for a distance; to pull on to make longer or wider

GSL,NGSL

strike
«v»
en to hit with force; to stop work as a way to seek better conditions, more pay or to make other demands

GSL,NGSL

strong
«adj»
en having much power; not easily broken, damaged or destroyed

GSL,NGSL

structure
«n»
en the way something is built, made or organized; a system that is formed or organized in a special way; a building

AWL,NGSL

struggle
«v»
en to try with much effort; to fight with
«n»
en a great effort; a fight

GSL,NGSL

study
«v»
en to make an effort to gain knowledge by using the mind; to examine carefully

GSL,NGSL

stupid
«adj»
en not able to learn much; not intelligent

GSL,NGSL

subject
«n»
en the person or thing being discussed, studied or written about

GSL,NGSL

submarine
«n»
en an underwater ship
substance
«n»
en the material of which something is made (a solid, liquid or gas)

GSL,NGSL

substitute
«v»
en to put or use in place of another
«n»
en a person or thing put or used in place of another

AWL,NGSL

subversion
«n»
en an attempt to weaken or destroy a political system or government, usually secretly
succeed
«v»
en to reach a goal or thing desired; to produce a planned result

GSL,NGSL

such
«adj»
en of this or that kind; of the same kind as; similar to

GSL,NGSL

sudden
«adj»
en not expected; without warning; done or carried out quickly or without preparation

GSL,NGSL

suffer
«v»
en to feel pain in the body or mind; to receive or experience hurt or sadness

GSL,NGSL

sugar
«n»
en a sweet substance made from liquids taken from plants

GSL,NGSL

suggest
«v»
en to offer or propose something to think about or consider

GSL,NGSL

suicide
«n»
en the act of killing oneself

NAWL,BSL

summer
«n»
en the warmest time of the year, between spring and autumn

GSL,NGSL

sun
«n»
en the huge star in the sky that provides heat and light to earth

GSL,NGSL

supervise
«v»
en to direct and observe the work of others

BSL,TSL

supply
«v»
en to give; to provide
«n»
en the amount of something that can be given or sold to others

GSL,NGSL

support
«v»
en to carry the weight of; to hold up or in position; to agree with others and help them reach a goal; to approve

GSL,NGSL

suppose
«v»
en to believe, think or imagine
en I suppose you are right.
«v»
en to expect
en It is supposed to rain tonight.

GSL,NGSL

suppress
«v»
en to put down or to keep down by force; to prevent information from being known publicly

BSL

sure
«adj»
en very probable; with good reason to believe; true without question

GSL,NGSL

surface
«n»
en the outer side or top of something
en The rocket landed on the surface of the moon.

GSL,NGSL

surplus
«n»
en an amount that is more than is needed; extra;
en That country has a trade surplus. It exports more than it imports.

NAWL,BSL

surprise
«v»
en to cause a feeling of wonder because something is not expected
«n»
en something not expected; the feeling caused by something not expected

GSL,NGSL

surrender
«v»
en to give control of oneself or one's property to another or others; to stop fighting and admit defeat

BSL

surround
«v»
en to form a circle around; to be in positions all around someone or something

GSL,NGSL

survive
«v»
en to remain alive during or after a dangerous situation

AWL,NGSL

suspect
«v»
en to imagine or believe that a person is guilty of something bad or illegal
«n»
en a person believed to be guilty

GSL,NGSL

suspend
«v»
en to cause to stop for a period of time

AWL,NGSL

swallow
«v»
en to take into the stomach through the mouth

GSL

swear in
«v»
en to put an official into office by having him or her promise to carry out the duties of that office
en The chief justice will swear in the president.
sweet
«adj»
en tasting pleasant, like sugar

GSL,NGSL

swim
«v»
en to move through water by making motions with the arms and legs

GSL,NGSL

sympathy
«n»
en a sharing of feelings or emotions with another person, usually feelings of sadness

GSL,BSL

system
«n»
en a method of organizing or doing something by following rules or a plan; a group of connected things or parts working together for a common purpose or goal

GSL,NGSL

take
«v»
en to put a hand or hands around something and hold it, often to move it to another place; to carry something ; to seize; to capture; to begin to be in control
en The president takes office tomorrow.

GSL,NGSL

talk
«v»
en to express thoughts in spoken words
«n»
en a meeting for discussion

GSL,NGSL

tall
«adj»
en higher than others; opposite short

GSL,NGSL

tank
«n»
en a large container for holding liquids; a heavy military vehicle with guns

NGSL

target
«n»
en any person or object aimed at or fired at

AWL,NGSL

taste
«v»
en to sense through the mouth
en The fruit tastes sweet.

GSL,NGSL

tax
«n»
en the money a person or business must pay to the government so the government can provide services

GSL,NGSL

tea
«n»
en a drink made from the plant of the same name

GSL,NGSL

teach
«v»
en to show how to do something; to provide knowledge; to cause to understand

GSL,NGSL

team
«n»
en a group organized for some purpose, often for sports

AWL,NGSL

tear
«v»
en to pull apart, often by force

GSL,NGSL

technical
«adj»
en involving machines, processes and materials in industry, transportation and communications; of or about a very special kind of subject or thing
en You need technical knowledge to understand how this system works.

AWL,NGSL

technology
«n»
en the use of scientific knowledge and methods to produce goods and services

AWL,NGSL

telephone
«n»
en a device or system for sending sounds, especially the voice, over distances

GSL,NGSL

telescope
«n»
en a device for making objects that are far away appear closer and larger
television
«n»
en a device that receives electronic signals and makes them into pictures and sounds; the system of sending pictures and sounds by electronic signals over a distance so others can see and hear them on a receiver

NGSL

tell
«v»
en to give information; to make known by speaking; to order; to command

GSL,NGSL

temperature
«n»
en the measurement of heat and cold

GSL,NGSL

temporary
«adj»
en lasting only a short time

AWL,NGSL

tense
«adj»
en having fear or concern; dangerous; opposite calm

AWL,NAWL

term
«n»
en a limited period of time during which someone does a job or carries out a responsibility
en He served two terms in Congress.
«n»
en the conditions of an agreement that have been accepted by those involved in it

GSL,NGSL

terrible
«adj»
en very bad; causing terror or fear

GSL,NGSL

territory
«n»
en a large area of land

NGSL

terror
«n»
en extreme fear; that which causes great fear

BSL

terrorist
«n»
en a person who carries out acts of extreme violence as a protest or a way to influence a government

NGSL

test
«v»
en to attempt to learn or prove what something is like or how it will act by studying or doing
en The scientists will test the new engine soon.
«n»
en a group of questions or problems used to find out a person's knowledge
en The students did well on the language test.

GSL,NGSL

than
«prep»
en connecting word used to link things that may be similar, but are not equal
en My sister is taller than I am.

GSL,NGSL

thank
«v»
en to say that one has a good feeling toward another because that person did something kind
en I want to thank you for helping me.

GSL,NGSL

that
«adv»
en showing the person, place or thing being spoken about
en That man is a soldier.
«pron»
en the person, place or thing being spoken about
en The building that I saw was very large.

GSL,NGSL

the
«pron»
en used in front of a name word to show that it is a person or thing that is known about or is being spoken about

GSL,NGSL

theater
«n»
en a place where movies are shown or plays are performed

GSL,NGSL

them
«pron»
en other people being spoken about
then
«adv»
en at that time; existing; and so

GSL,NGSL

theory
«n»
en a possible explanation of why something exists or how something happens using experiments or ideas, but which is not yet proven
en Other scientists are debating his theory about the disappearance of dinosaurs.

AWL,NGSL

there
«adv»
en in that place or position; to or toward that place

GSL,NGSL

these
«pron»
en of or about the people, places or things nearby that have been spoken about already

GSL

they
«pron»
en those ones being spoken about

GSL,NGSL

thick
«adj»
en having a large distance between two opposite surfaces
en The wall is two meters thick.
«adj»
en having many parts close together
en The forest is very thick.
«adj»
en almost solid, such as a liquid that does not flow easily
«adj»
en opposite thin

GSL,NGSL

thin
«adj»
en having a small distance between two opposite surfaces; not wide
«adj»
en not fat
«adj»
en opposite thick

GSL,NGSL

thing
«n»
en any object

GSL,NGSL

think
«v»
en to produce thoughts; to form ideas in the mind; to consider; to believe

GSL,NGSL

third
«adj»
en coming after two others
this
«pron»
en of or about the person, place or thing nearby that has been spoken about already

GSL,NGSL

threaten
«v»
en to warn that one will do harm or cause damage

GSL,NGSL

through
«prep»
en in at one end and out at the other; from front to back; from top to bottom; with the help of; by

GSL,NGSL

throw
«v»
en to cause to go through the air by a movement of the arm

GSL,NGSL

tie
«v»
en to join or hold together with some material
«n»
en anything that joins or unites; links or connections
en The two nations have strong trade ties.

GSL,NGSL

time
«n»
en that which is measured in minutes, hours, days and years; a period that can be identified in hours and minutes and is shown on a clock; a period when an event should or will take place

GSL,NGSL

tired
«adj»
en having less strength because of work or exercise; needing sleep or rest
to
«prep»
en showing the direction of an action; showing the person or place toward which an action is directed; showing a goal or purpose

GSL,NGSL

today
«n»
en this day

GSL,NGSL

together
«adv»
en in one group; at the same time or place; in cooperation

GSL,NGSL

tomorrow
«n»
en the day after today

GSL,NGSL

tonight
«n»
en this night

GSL,NGSL

too
«adv»
en also; as well as; more than is necessary

GSL,NGSL

tool
«n»
en any instrument or device designed to help one do work

GSL,NGSL

top
«n»
en the upper edge or surface; the highest part; the cover of something

GSL,NGSL

torture
«v»
en to cause severe pain
«n»
en the act of causing severe pain in order to harm, to punish or to get information from

BSL

total
«n»
en the complete amount

GSL,NGSL

touch
«v»
en to put the hand or fingers on

GSL,NGSL

toward
«prep»
en in the direction of; leading to

GSL,NGSL

town
«n»
en a center where people live, larger than a village but not as large as a city

GSL,NGSL

trade
«v»
en to buy and sell or exchange products or services
«n»
en the activity of buying, selling or exchanging products or services

GSL,NGSL

tradition
«n»
en a ceremony, activity or belief that has existed for a long time

AWL,NGSL

traffic
«n»
en the movement of people, vehicles or ships along a street, road or waterway

NGSL

tragic
«adj»
en extremely sad; terrible
train
«v»
en to teach or learn how to do something; to prepare for an activity
«n»
en an engine and the cars connected to it that move along a railroad

GSL,NGSL

transport
«v»
en to move goods or people from one place to another

AWL,NGSL

transportation
«n»
en the act or business of moving goods or people

NGSL

trap
«v»
en to catch or be caught by being tricked; to be unable to move or escape
«n»
en a device used to catch animals

GSL,NGSL

travel
«v»
en to go from one place to another, usually for a long distance

GSL,NGSL

treason
«n»
en the act of fighting against one's own country or of helping its enemies
treasure
«n»
en a large collection of money, jewels or other things of great value

GSL

treat
«v»
en to deal with; to act toward in a special way; to try to cure

GSL,NGSL

treatment
«n»
en the act of treating; the use of medicine to try to cure or make better

NGSL

treaty
«n»
en a written agreement between two or more nations

NAWL,BSL

tree
«n»
en a very tall plant that is mostly wood, except for its leaves

GSL,NGSL

trial
«n»
en an examination in a court of a question or dispute to decide if a charge is true

GSL,NGSL

tribe
«n»
en a group of families ruled by a common chief or leader

GSL,NAWL,BSL

trick
«v»
en to cheat; to fool a person so as to get something or make him or her do something

GSL,NGSL

trip
«n»
en a movement from one place to another, usually a long distance

GSL,NGSL

troops
«n»
en a number of soldiers in a large controlled group
trouble
«n»
en that which causes concern, fear, difficulty or problems

GSL,NGSL

truce
«n»
en a temporary halt in fighting agreed to by all sides involved
truck
«n»
en a heavy vehicle used to carry goods

NGSL

true
«adj»
en correct; not false

GSL,NGSL

trust
«v»
en to believe that someone is honest and will not cause harm

GSL,NGSL

try
«v»
en to make an effort
«v»
en to take court action against a person to decide if he or she is guilty or innocent of a crime

GSL,NGSL

tube
«n»
en a long, round structure through which liquids or gases can flow; a long, thin container in which they can be kept

GSL,NGSL

turn
«v»
en to change direction; to move into a different position; to change color, form or shape

GSL,NGSL

under
«prep»
en below; below the surface of; less than; as called for by a law, agreement or system
en The river flows under the bridge.
en Such action is not permitted under the law.

GSL,NGSL

understand
«v»
en to know what is meant; to have knowledge of

GSL,NGSL

unite
«v»
en to join together

GSL,NGSL

universe
«n»
en all of space, including planets and stars

GSL,NGSL

university
«n»
en a place of education that usually includes several colleges and research organizations

GSL,NGSL

unless
«conj»
en except if it happens; on condition that
en I will not go, unless the rain stops.

GSL,NGSL

until
«conj»
en up to a time; before

GSL,NGSL

up
«adv»
en to, in or at a higher position or value

GSL,NGSL

urge
«v»
en to advise strongly; to make a great effort to get someone to do something

GSL,NGSL

urgent
«adj»
en needing an immediate decision or action

GSL,BSL,TSL

us
«pron»
en the form of the word "we" used after a preposition
en He said he would write to us.
«pron»
en or used as an object of a verb
en They saw us yesterday.
use
«v»
en to employ for a purpose; to put into action

GSL,NGSL

usual
«adj»
en as is normal or common; as is most often done, seen or heard

GSL,NGSL

vacation
«n»
en a holiday; a period of time for travel, pleasure or rest, especially one with pay given to an employee

BSL,TSL

vaccine
«n»
en a substance containing killed or weakened organisms given to a person or animal to produce protection against a disease

BSL

valley
«n»
en a long area of land between higher areas of land

GSL,NGSL

value
«n»
en the quality of being useful, important or desired; the amount of money that could be received if something is sold

GSL,NGSL

vegetable
«n»
en a plant grown for food

NGSL

vehicle
«n»
en anything on or in which a person or thing can travel or be transported, especially anything on wheels; a car or truck

AWL,NGSL

version
«n»
en the form of something with different details than earlier or later forms

AWL,NGSL

very
«adv»
en extremely
en He was very late.

GSL,NGSL

veto
«v»
en to reject or refuse to approve

BSL

victim
«n»
en someone or something that is injured, killed or made to suffer; someone who is tricked

NGSL

victory
«n»
en a success in a fight or competition

GSL,NGSL

video
«n»
en a method of recording images and sound without a traditional film camera to be shown on a television, computer or other device

NGSL

village
«n»
en a very small town

GSL,NGSL

violate
«v»
en to fail to obey or honor; to break (an agreement)

AWL,BSL,TSL

violence
«n»
en the use of force to cause injury, death or damage

GSL,NGSL

visa
«n»
en the official permission given to a person to enter a country where he or she is not a citizen

BSL,TSL

visit
«v»
en to go to or come to a place for a short time for friendly or business reasons

GSL,NGSL

voice
«n»
en the sound made by creatures, especially humans, for speaking

GSL,NGSL

volcano
«n»
en a hill or mountain around a hole in the earth's surface that can explode, sending hot, melted rock and ash into the air
volunteer
«n»
en a person who chooses to do something without being asked, usually without being paid

NGSL

vote
«v»
en to choose a candidate in an election
«n»
en a choice or decision expressed by the voice, by hand or by writing

GSL,NGSL

wages
«n»
en money received for work done
wait
«v»
en to delay acting; to postpone

GSL,NGSL

walk
«v»
en to move by putting one foot in front of the other

GSL,NGSL

wall
«n»
en the side of a room or building formed by wood, stone or other material; a structure sometimes used to separate areas of land

GSL,NGSL

want
«v»
en to desire; to wish for; to need

GSL,NGSL

war
«n»
en fighting between nations, or groups in a nation, using weapons

GSL,NGSL

warm
«adj»
en almost hot; having or feeling some heat

GSL,NGSL

warn
«v»
en to tell of possible danger; to advise or inform about something bad that may happen

GSL,NGSL

wash
«v»
en to make clean, usually with water

GSL,NGSL

waste
«v»
en to spend or use without need or care; to make bad use of
«n»
en a spending of money, time or effort with no value gained or returned; something thrown away as having no value; the liquid and solid substances that result from body processes and are passed out of the body

GSL,NGSL

watch
«v»
en to look at; to observe closely; to look and wait for

GSL,NGSL

water
«n»
en the liquid that falls from the sky as rain or is found in lakes, rivers and oceans

GSL,NGSL

wave
«v»
en to move or cause to move one way and the other, as a flag in the wind; to signal by moving the hand one way and the other
«n»
en a large mass of water that forms and moves on the surface of a lake or ocean

GSL,NGSL

way
«n»
en a path on land or sea or in the air; how something is done; method

GSL,NGSL

we
«pron»
en two or more people, including the speaker or writer
en He and I will go together, and we will return together.

GSL,NGSL

weak
«adj»
en having little power; easily broken, damaged or destroyed; opposite strong

GSL,NGSL

wealth
«n»
en a large amount of possessions, money or other things of value

GSL,NGSL

weapon
«n»
en anything used to cause injury or to kill during an attack, fight or war

GSL,NGSL

wear
«v»
en to have on the body, as clothes

GSL,NGSL

weather
«n»
en the condition of the atmosphere resulting from sun, wind, rain, heat or cold

GSL,NGSL

Web site
«n»
en a collection of information prepared by a person or organization on the World Wide Web of the Internet
week
«n»
en a period of time equal to seven days

GSL,NGSL

weigh
«v»
en to measure how heavy someone or something is

GSL,NGSL

welcome
«v»
en to express happiness or pleasure when someone arrives or something develops

GSL,NGSL

well
«n»
en a hole in the ground where water, gas or oil can be found
«adj»
en in a way that is good or pleasing; in good health

GSL,NGSL

west
«n»
en the direction in which the sun goes down

GSL,NGSL

wet
«adj»
en covered with water or other liquid; not dry

GSL,NGSL

what
«pron»
en used to ask about something or to ask for information about something
en What is this?
«adj»
en which or which kind
en He wants to know what you would like to drink.

GSL,NGSL

wheat
«n»
en a grain used to make bread; the plant that produces the grain

GSL,NAWL,BSL

wheel
«n»
en a round structure that turns around a center

GSL,NGSL

when
«adv»
en at what time; at any time
en When will she come home?
«conj»
en during or at the time
en I studied hard when I was in school.

GSL,NGSL

where
«adv»
en at, to or in what place
en Where is his house?
en The house where he lives is in the old part of the city.
«conj»
en at, to or in what place

GSL,NGSL

whether
«conj»
en if it be the case or fact that
en He did not know whether he was right or wrong.

GSL,NGSL

which
«pron»
en used to ask about what one or what ones of a group of things or people
en Which program do you like best?
en Which students will take the test?

GSL,NGSL

while
«n»
en a space of time
en Please come to my house for a while.
«conj»
en at or during the same time
en It may not be a good idea to eat while you are running.

GSL,NGSL

white
«adj»
en having the color like that of milk or snow

GSL,NGSL

who
«pron»
en what or which person or persons that
en Who wants to go?
«pron»
en the person or persons
en They are the ones who want to go.

GSL,NGSL

whole
«adj»
en the complete amount; all together; not divided; not cut into pieces

GSL,NGSL

why
«adj»
en for what cause or reason
en Why did she do it?
«conj»
en the reason for which
en I do not know why she did it.

GSL,NGSL

wide
«adj»
en having a great distance from one side to the other; not limited

GSL,NGSL

wife
«n»
en a woman who is married

GSL,NGSL

wild
«adj»
en living and growing in natural conditions and not organized or supervised by humans
«adj»
en angry; uncontrolled

GSL,NGSL

will
«v»
en a word used with action words to show future action
en They will hold talks tomorrow.

GSL,NGSL

willing
«adj»
en being ready or having a desire to
en They are willing to talk about the problem.
win
«v»
en to gain a victory; to defeat another or others in a competition, election or battle

GSL,NGSL

wind
«n»
en a strong movement of air

GSL,NGSL

window
«n»
en an opening in a wall to let in light and air, usually filled with glass

GSL,NGSL

winter
«n»
en the coldest time of year, between autumn and spring

GSL,NGSL

wire
«n»
en a long, thin piece of metal used to hang objects or to carry electricity or electronic communications from one place to another

GSL,NGSL

wise
«adj»
en having much knowledge and understanding
«adj»
en able to use knowledge and understanding to make good or correct decisions

GSL,NGSL

wish
«v»
en to want; to express a desire for

GSL,NGSL

with
«prep»
en along or by the side of; together; using
en He fixed it with a tool.
«prep»
en having
en the house with the red door

GSL,NGSL

withdraw
«v»
en to take or move out, away or back; to remove

NGSL

without
«prep»
en with no; not having or using; free from; not doing

GSL,NGSL

witness
«n»
en a person who saw and can tell about an action or event, sometimes in a court of law

GSL,NGSL

woman
«n»
en an adult female human

GSL,NGSL

wonder
«v»
en to ask oneself; to question
en She wonders if it is true.
«n»
en a feeling of surprise

GSL,NGSL

wonderful
«adv»
en causing wonder; especially good

NGSL

wood
«n»
en the solid material of which trees are made

GSL,NGSL

word
«n»
en one or more connected sounds that form a single part of a language

GSL,NGSL

work
«v»
en to use physical or mental effort to make or do something
«n»
en the effort used to make or to do something; that which needs effort; the job one does to earn money

GSL,NGSL

world
«n»
en the earth; the people who live on the earth

GSL,NGSL

worry
«v»
en to be concerned; to continue thinking that something, possibly bad, can happen

GSL,NGSL

worse
«adj»
en more bad than

GSL

worth
«n»
en value measured in money

GSL,NGSL

wound
«v»
en to injure; to hurt; to cause physical damage to a person or animal;
«n»
en an injury to the body of a human or animal in which the skin is usually cut or broken

GSL,NGSL

wreck
«v»
en to damage greatly; to destroy
«n»
en anything that has been badly damaged or broken

GSL

wreckage
«n»
en what remains of something severely damaged or destroyed
write
«v»
en to use an instrument to make words appear on a surface, such as paper

GSL,NGSL

wrong
«adj»
en not correct; bad; not legal; opposite right

GSL,NGSL

year
«n»
en a period of time equal to twelve months

GSL,NGSL

yellow
«adj»
en having the color like that of gold or the sun

GSL,NGSL

yes
«adv»
en used to express agreement or to permit

GSL,NGSL

yesterday
«n»
en the day before today

GSL,NGSL

yet
«adv»
en at some time before now
en Have they arrived yet?
«adv»
en now; at this time
en I cannot tell you about it yet.
«conj»
en however
en The sun was shining, yet it was cold.

GSL,NGSL

you
«pron»
en the person or persons being spoken to

GSL,NGSL

young
«adj»
en in the early years of life; not old

GSL,NGSL

zero
«n»
en the number meaning none or nothing

GSL

zoo
«n»
en a place where animals are kept for the public to look at and study

TSL

dis-
«prefix»
en not (dishonest, disobey)
pro-
«prefix»
en for, supporting (pro-labor, pro-government)
re-
«prefix»
en to do again (reorganize, reunite)
self-
«prefix»
en used to show that the person or group acting is the one affected by the action, or to show that the action is done only by its own effort or power (self-declared, self-appointed)
un-
«prefix»
en not (unusual, unhappy)
carry out
«phr.v»
en to do; to put into effect
en Please carry out the plan.
pass a bill
«phr.v»
en approve
en Congress is expected to pass a bill to cut taxes.
take steps
«phr.v»
en to start to do something
en The government will take steps to halt inflation.
atom
«n» sci
en a very small part of all things; the smallest part of an element that can join with parts of other elements

NAWL,BSL

bacteria
«n» sci
en living things that are one cell and can be seen only through a microscope; some cause disease

NAWL,TSL

cell
«n» sci
en a small mass of living material that is part of all plants and animals

NGSL

chromosome
«n» sci
en a line of genes; most human cells contain 46 chromosomes

NAWL

compound
«n» sci
en a substance containing two or more elements

AWL,NGSL

dense
«adj» sci
en close together; thick

NAWL

electron
«n» sci
en a small part of an atom that has an electrical force

NAWL

element
«n» sci
en one of more than 100 substances known to science that cannot be separated into other substances

AWL,NGSL

enzyme
«n» sci
en a special kind of protein; it produces changes in other substances without being changed itself

NAWL

fetus
«n» sci
en unborn young
fission
«n» sci
en a splitting; in atomic fission, the nucleus of an atom is split to produce nuclear energy
fusion
«n» sci
en a joining together; in atomic fusion, atomic particles are joined together to produce nuclear energy

NAWL

genes
«n» sci
en parts of cells that control the growth and development of living things; genes from the mother and father are passed to the child; genes contain nucleic acid
genetic engineering
«n» sci
en the science of changing the genes of a living organism
gravity
«n» sci
en the force that pulls things toward the center of the earth

NAWL

image
«n» sci
en a reproduction of the appearance of a person or thing

AWL,NGSL

laser
«n» sci
en an instrument that makes a thin, powerful light

BSL

magnet
«n» sci
en a piece of iron or other material that has a pulling force; this pulling force is called magnetism
molecule
«n» sci
en the smallest amount of a chemical substance that can exist

NAWL,BSL

nerve
«n» sci
en a thin piece of tissue that sends information through the body to and from the brain

NGSL

nucleus
«n» sci
en the center part of an atom or cell

NAWL

nucleic acid
«n» sci
en a molecule that holds the genetic information necessary for life; there are two kinds of nucleic acid: DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid)
nutrient
«n» sci
en a food or substance that makes plants, humans or animals grow

NAWL

organ
«n» sci
en a part of the body that has a special purpose, such as the heart or brain

GSL,NAWL,BSL

organism
«n» sci
en a living thing, often so small it can be seen only through a microscope

NAWL

particle
«n» sci
en a very small piece of matter

GSL,NAWL,BSL

proteins
«n» sci
en substances responsible for the growth of tissue and for fixing damaged tissue
robot
«n» sci
en a machine that moves and performs tasks

NAWL,BSL

tissue
«n» sci
en living material; a group of cells that are similar in appearance and do the same thing

NGSL

virus
«n» sci
en a kind of organism that causes disease

NGSL

x-rays
«n» sci
en a kind of radiation that can pass through most solid materials, often used in medicine
heart
«n» body
en pumps blood through the body

GSL,NGSL

intestines
«n» body
en tubes through which food passes after it is broken down in the stomach; part of the intestines also remove solid wastes from the body
kidney
«n» body
en cleans liquid wastes from the body

NAWL

liver
«n» body
en makes some proteins and enzymes; removes poisons from the blood

NAWL

lung
«n» body
en takes in and expels air from the body

GSL,NAWL

prostate
«n» body
en a part of the male reproductive system
stomach
«n» body
en breaks down food for the body to use

GSL,NGSL

uterus
«n» body
en a part of the female reproductive system where a fetus develops